Eth. JULIO´POLIS AEGYPTI
Pliny (6.23. s. 26
) alone among ancient geographers mentions this place among the towns of Lower Aegypt. From the silence of his predecessors, and from the name itself, we may reasonably infer its recent origin.
According to Pliny, Juliopolis stood about 20 miles distant from Alexandreia, upon the banks of the canal which connected that city with the Canopic arm of the Nile. Some geographers suppose Juliopolis to have been no other than Nicopolis, or the City of Victory, founded by Augustus Caesar in B.C. 29, partly to commemorate his reduction of Aegypt to a Roman province, and partly to punish the Alexandrians for their adherence to Cleopatra and M. Antonius. Mannert, on the contrary (x. i. p. 626), believes Juliopolis to have been merely that suburb of Alexandreia which Strabo (xvii. p.795
) calls Eleusis.
At this place the Nile-boats, proceeding up the river, took in cargoes and passengers.