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LIBARNA (Λίβαρνα), a city of Liguria, which is mentioned by Pliny among the “nobilia oppida” that adorned the interior of that province, as well as by Ptolemy and the Itineraries, in which its name appears as “Libarnum” or “Libarium.” (Plin. Nat. 3.5. s. 7; Ptol. 3.1.45; Itin. Ant. p. 294; Tab. Peut.) These place it on the road from Genua to Dertona, but the distances given are certainly corrupt, and therefore afford no clue to the position of the town. This has, however, been of late years established beyond doubt by the discovery of its remains on the left bank of the Scrivia, between Arquata and Serravalle. The traces still visible of its ancient theatre, forum, and aqueducts, confirm Pliny's statement of its flourishing condition; which is further attested by several inscriptions, from one of which it would appear to have enjoyed colonial rank. (S. Quintino, Antica Colonies di Libarna, in the Mem. dell' Accadem. di Torino, vol. xxix. p. 143; Aldini, Lapidi Ticinesi, pp. 120, 139.)


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