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From Washington.
Official account of the Capture of the Pensacola Navy-Yard.

Washington Jan. 23.
--A Convention of delegates representing the Grand Trunk Railroads in the Eastern, Northern, Western and Middle States, has been in session here, adjusting freight charges, schedules, &c. They say their freights have increased in the Northern Atlantic States, and fallen off in the Southern Atlantic States. The representatives have set to work, using their influence with Congressmen to bring about a peaceable settlement of the difficulties of the country.

A number of members of the House have already signed a recommendation that they all resign, and that Congress assemble again before March. They state as reason that there is no prospect of an adjustment with the present material in the House.

Naval officers have been sent to Fort Pickens, with instructions as will prevent a collision with the Florida. authorities.

Captain Armstrong, late commander of the Pensacola Navy-Yard, arrived here to-day.--He reports to the Department that the sixty officers and men who were under him, were three- fourths of them secessionists, who would have revolted had he attempted resistance to over 400 men, who, under Col. Chase, demanded the surrender of the party. The secession feeling was so strong as to silence the Union sentiment. One man who the day before uttered Union sentiments was stabbed.

Shortly before the surrender the secessionists were by no means dominant in Pensacola, but Col. Chase, at a public meeting, at which secession resolutions were passed, influenced the public mind and drew them generally into the movement.

When, under the order of Lt. Renshaw, the American flag, was lowered, it suddenly fell to the dust, when a loud shout went up from the excited multitude, led by an officer attached to the U. S. steamer Wyandotte, which had been ordered to Philadelphia.

Lt. Saunders, bearer of dispatches to Capt. Armstrong, had them demanded of him at his quarters, by the secessionists, but he refused to comply. He was then informed that they would be taken from him. He told them that would be an act of war against the United States. He was then conducted to the Navy-Yard, into the presence of Capt. Armstrong, who had them surrendered after finding that refusal was unavailing.

At Fort Pickens there are only 80 men to man 246 guns.

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