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Late Northern and European news.

From the New York Herald, of the 27th instant, we collate the following:

English, French, and Russian views.

The Europa, at Halifax, brings news from Europe to the 12th of January--three days later. The advices are of a very important character revealing as they do the excellent effect produced in the Cabinets and amongst the peoples of the leading powers of the Old World by the surrender of Mason and Slidell to England, as well as by the report of the mode in which it was accomplished by the Lincoln Government. The London Post, the organ of Lord Palmerston, acknowledges that due reparation has been made, and intimates that the law of neutrals at sea will be reconsidered. The Paris Moniteur officially expresses the ‘"satisfaction"’ felt in France in consequence of the act, while we find that the news produced an advance of one per cent. on the Bourse. The Journal de St. Petersburg, the organ of the Russian Empire, congratulates Mr. Seward on his ‘"upright"’ and ‘"intelligent"’ policy in the case, and states that the affair will form a starting point for a general revision of the law of neutrals. The Russian journalist demands that England should be requested to give a solemn guarantee that she will in future respect neutrals and neutral rights.

The Europa has not brought out any troops or war material, and it was said that England would not forward any more to Canada by the Cunard mail steamer. The movement of troops for North America had not abated, however, but it was very likely it soon would, as the London papers were beginning to count up the cost of the display; and the London Times has just informed John Bull that, so far, he has spent two millions of pounds sterling--ten millions of dollars — at the very least, in exhibiting his power to retain the colony, if assailed.

A Cabinet council which was summoned for the 14th had been countermanded, Mr. Seward's dispatch having been considered in council held on the 9th.

The London Times understands that an answer will be, returned expressing gratification at the disavowal of Commander Wilkes's act, accepting the satisfaction rendered, and assuming that the precedent in the Trent case will rule the case of the schooner Eugenia Smith. As to the general discussion of the law of neutrals, the Government will decline any answer until they have had an opportunity of submitting the whole note to their law officers. There are propositions in this note which are not at all admissible, and after the delivery of the prisoners these points may be properly raised and discussed.

The London Morning Post announces that a thorough understanding had been arrived at with the American Government. Not only had they given the required reparation, but in doing so Mr. Seward will have succeeded in impressing on the English Governemt the notion that they have not only present indemnity, but also no small pledge of future security.

The London Daily News is eulogistic of the course pursued by the Washington Government, and bitterly denounces the policy of the Times and Post.

It was reported that notwithstanding the pacific solution of the American question, warlike preparations at Woolwich have not been relaxed. The steamer Spartan and Ajax continued to take in heavy stores for Halifax, and Jamaica.

No official notice has yet been given at Portsmouth respecting any discharge of hired mechanies or laborers, but it was understood that the reduction takes place in April.

The feeling in France.

The Paris correspondent of the London Morning Post asserts that the French official circles felt much satisfaction at the pacific termination of the Trent affair, while the effect on the Bourse was an immediate rise of one per cent.

The increase in bills discounted was nearly 61,000,000 france.

No English ovation for the fellows' Mason and Slidell.

The London Times has a strong editorial on the reception due to Mason and Slidell; says they are about the most worthless booty it would be possible to extract from the jaws of the American lion; having been long known as blind and habitual haters and revilers of England. The Times sincerely hopes that Englishmen will not give these fellows anything in the shape of an ovation. The civility due to a foe in distress is all they can claim. England has returned them good for evil, and even now, if they can, they will be only glad to entangle her in a war with the North. England would have done just as much to rescue two negroes. Let Mason and Slidell, therefore, pass quietly on their way, and have their say with anybody who may wish to listen to them.

The other journals advise a similar course, and allude to Mason's strong advocacy of the Fugitive Slave Law to prejudice the public against him.

Expected fight between the Nashville and Tuscarora.

Great interest has been excited relative to the movements of the Tuscarora and Nashville. At the latest dates they continued at Southampton, watching each other. The Tuscarora remained at the anchorage about a mile from the dock mouth, with her fires banked up and ready to slip her anchors and start at a moment's notice. She only required coal, water and provisions, which were being supplied her.

The Nashville continued in dock. The Government had observed the strictest neutrality towards her, and nothing whatever had been permitted to be done to her but what was absolutely necessary to make her seaworthy. Neither powder, guns nor munitions of war had been put on board. During the night of the 8th three armed men from the Tuscarora were discovered reconnoitering the Nashville, and were ordered off by the dock superintendent. Fires were lighted on the Nashville on the 10th, and there was an impression she was about to sail; but she made no movements. The Tuscarora was on the alert, with steam up.

It was also reported that another Federal vessel was cruising in the channel, and might be expected at Southampton.

The London Morning Herald is surprised that the Government has not given orders to the authorities at Southampton to warn the Tuscarora that she must either quit port at once or wait until twenty-four hours have elapsed after the departure of the Nashville. We should not, says the Herald, have allowed the Nashville to lie in wait in the month of the Mersey for American packets and merchantmen; therefore we cannot, without a gross violation of our duty as neutrals, allow the Tuscarora a license we should have refused her enemy. The Herald holds out the course of the French authorities at Martinique between the Iroquois and Sumter as an example to follow.

Denunciation of the stone blockade.

The London Times reiterates its denunciation of the stone blockade of Charleston harbor, and says, among the crimes which have disgraced the history of mankind, it would be difficult to find one more atrocious than this. Even the fierce tribes of the dessert will not destroy the well which gives life to the enemy. The Times protests in the strongest terms against such proceedings, and asserts that no belligerent has the fight to resort to such a warfare.

The Paris Moniteur, of the 11th, says that a feeling of profound regret and indignation has been aroused in England as well as France by the vindictive act of destroying the port of Charleston.

On this subject the Charleston Mercury says:

‘ It is a mere convenience in carrying out the blockade of the Southern coast, and is prompted more by a spirit of revenge than even the desire of rendering effective the closure of our port. In the words used by Vattel, it is ‘"not dictated by prudence, but by hatred and fury,"’ entitling them to be ‘"looked upon as savage barbarians."’

The upper Potomac--General Jackson Triumphant.

Point of Rocks, Jan. 26.
--General Jackson has driven the small force of Union troops from Bath and Romney, shelled the town of Hancock, destroyed a second time the freshly reconstructed track of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, burned the new bridges, and blown up the new culverts, carried off the new iron of the rails, and is now operating somewhere near Romney.

Nothing is known here at present of the movements of the rebel General Jackson and his forces except that he has about fifteen thousand men, and is in the neighborhood of Romney. The design of our Generals is to bag him and his whole force. This is the reason why he has been allowed to advance so far to the west. Look out for news from the direction of Romney in a very short time.

Confederates captured in Missouri.

St. Louis, Jan. 26.
--Official reports, just received from the expedition sent from Caps Girardean to Benton and Bloomfield, state that they have captured Lieut. Col. Farmer and eleven other officers and sixty-eight privates, with a quantity of arms, horses, saddles, &c. Most of the rebel officers were surprised and captured in a ball-room.

Maryland Senators requested to resign.

Baltimore, Jan. 26.
--Resolutions were introduced into the Maryland Senate on Saturday to request Senators Pearce and Kennedy

to resign, on the ground that their sentiments are in direct conflict with the settled view of the people of the State, and that it is right and proper that the State should, at this critical juncture, be represented by Senators whose hearts beat responsive to the throb of devotion to the integrity of the Union felt by the great popular heart of the State.

The City Council of Baltimore have passed a resolution ordering all disloyal teachers in the public schools of that city to be dismissed, and Union teachers put in their places.

From Alexandria.

There were 1,200 sick soldiers in the hospitals at Washington, Alexandria, and Georgetown, on the 17th inst.

Lieut. Frank E. Brownwell, the Ellsworth Zouave who killed Jackson in Alexandria, has been ordered to open a recruiting station, at Oswego, N. Y., for the regular army.


A Yankee correspondent has had an interview with a gentleman who arrived at Baltimore on the 24th instant, from the South. He was in Richmond on the 19th instant, and represents affairs in that city as in a miserable condition. The soldiers rolled around the city without let or hindrance, visiting drinking saloons, gambling hells, and doing all sorts of infamous deeds, from highway robbery to murder.

There is no official news of the Burnside expedition; but, from rebel journals received at Fortress Monroe on Saturday, we received the vague information that the United States transport Louisiana had gone ashore and was burned to save her from falling into the hands of the enemy.

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