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REGIUM LEPIDI (Reggio Emilia) Italy.

Founded in 187 or in 175 B.C. by M. Aemilius Lepidus along the Via Aemilia between Modena and Parma (It. Ant. 127, 283, 287; It. Hieros. 616; Tab. Peut.). A road leaves Reggio for Brescello and Cremona (It. Ant. 283). The urban street plan, along straight axes, is substantially preserved in the streets of the modern city: Via Emilia corresponds to the decumanus maximus and the alignment of Via Roma - Via San Carlo corresponds to the cardo maximus.

Reggio was a municipium (Plin. HN 3.116) and flourished particularly in the 1st c. A.D. as is shown by numerous mosaic pavements and by a noteworthy funerary monument in the suburbs to San Maurizio. The city was served by an aqueduct that came from Villa San Pellegrino.

An exceptional example of the goldsmith's art in a mingling of Roman and barbarian styles was discovered here and is preserved in the Museo Civico together with pre-Roman and Roman artifacts.


CIL XI, pp. 171ff; M. Degani, Il tesoro romano barbarico di Reggio Emilia (1959); EAA 6 (1965) 646f (N. Alfieri & M. Degani); NSc (1961) 42-44 (G. Susini); (1964) 1-11 (M. Degani); (1965) 54-58 (M. Degani); G. Susini, “I Veleiati di Plinio e l'origine di Regium Lepidi,” Atti III Convegno Studi Velleiati (1969) 173-78; M. Degani, “Regium Lepidi,” Quaderni di archeologia reggiana 2 (1973).


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