previous next


1 دَخَنَتِ النَّارُ دخنت النار , aor. دَخَنَ and دَخُنَ , (S, K,) inf. n. دَخْنٌ and دُخُونٌ, (K,) The دُخَان of the fire rose; [i. e. the fire smoked, or sent up smoke;] as also ↓ اِدَّخَنَت , (S, K,) of the measure اِفْتَعَلَت; (S;) and ↓ أَدْخَنَت , and ↓ دَخَّنَت ; (K;) the last with teshdeed, mentioned by Z. (TA.) ― -b2- And دَخَنَ الدُّخَانُ, (JK,) and الغُبَارُ (K) and النَّقْعُ, (TA,) inf. n. دُخُونٌ, (K) The smoke, (JK,) and (tropical:) the dust, (K, TA,) rose; or spread, or diffused itself. (JK, K, TA.) ― -b3- And دَخِنَتِ النَّارُ, (JK, S, Msb, K,) with kesr to the خ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. دَخَنَ , (JK, Msb, K,) inf. n. دَخَنٌ, (Msb,) The smoke (دُخَان) of the fire (JK, S, Msb, K) became vehement, (JK,) or became excited, or raised, (S, Msb, K,) in consequence of its having firewood, (JK, S, Msb, K,) in a fresh, or green, state, (JK,) thrown upon it, (JK, S, Msb, K,) and being thus marred. (S, Msb, K.) ― -b4- دَخِنَ, aor. دَخَنَ , said of food, (JK, K,) and of flesh-meat, (TA,) inf. n. دَخَنٌ, (JK,) means It was, or became, infected with smoke (دُخَان), (K, TA,) while being roasted or cooked, (TA,) and acquired its odour, (K, TA,) so that this predominated over its flavour: (TA:) [in this sense] it is said of cooked food when the cooking-pot is infected with smoke (↓ إِِذَا تَدَخَّنَتِ القِدْرُ). (S, TA.) ― -b5- [Hence, as is indicated in the TA, it is said of wine, or beverage, as meaning (assumed tropical:) It became altered for the worse in odour. (See دَخِنٌ.) ― -b6- Hence also,] (assumed tropical:) It was, or became, of a dusky, or dingy, colour, inclining to black, (K, TA,) like the colour of iron: (TA:) you say دَخِنَ النَّبْتُ, and دَخِنَتِ الدَّابَّةُ, (tropical:) The plant, and the beast, became of that colour; (K, TA;) as though overspread with smoke (دُخَان); (TA;) as also دَخُنَ, aor. دَخُنَ , inf. n. دُخْنَةٌ. (K.) ― -b7- [Hence also,] دَخِنَ خُلُقُهُ (tropical:) His nature, or disposition, was, or became, bad, corrupt, or wicked. (K, TA. [See also دَخَنٌ, below.]) 2 دَخَّنَ see 1, first sentence. -A2- دخّنهُ [He smoked it, or made it smoky]; namely, flesh-meat. (S in art. شيط.) And دخّنهُ بِالدُّخْنَةِ [He fumigated it, or him, with what is termed دُخْنَة, q. v.]; namely, a house, or tent, or chamber, (JK, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) and a garment, (M,) and another man. (TA.) And دَخَّنُوا عَلَى قَوْمٍ فِى غَارٍ فَقَتَلُوهُمْ [They smoked a party of men in a cave and so killed them]. (TA.) 4 أَدْخَنَ see 1, first sentence. ― -b2- أَدْخَنَ الزَّرْعُ; (JK, CK, and so in my MS. copy of the K;) or ↓ اِدَّخَنَ , (so in the K accord. to the TA,) of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ; (TA;) (assumed tropical:) The seed-produce became hard in the grain, (JK, K, TA,) and full therein; (JK;) being overspread with a slight duskiness, or dinginess. (TA.) 5 تدخّن أدخن داخ دخن تدخن تدخنن i. q. تَبَخَّرَ [He fumigated himself]: (TA in art. بخر:) from الدُّخْنَةُ. (Mgh.) You say, of a man, تدخّن بِالدُّخْنَةِ [He fumigated himself with what is termed دُخْنَة q. v.]; as also ↓ اِدَّخَنَ , of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ. (TA.) ― -b2- See also 1. 8 إِِدْتَخَنَ see 1: ― -b2- and 5: ― -b3- and 4. دُخْنٌ داخ دخن دخنن A well-known kind of grain; (Msb;) i. q. جَاوَرْسٌ; (S;) [i. e.] the grain of the جاورس: (JK, M, K:) or a certain grain smaller than that, very smooth, cold, dry, and constipating: (M, K:) [a species of millet; the holcus saccharatus of Linn.; holcus dochna of Forskål; sorghum saccharatum of Delile: and the holcus spicatus of Linn.: and the panicum miliaceum of Linn.: (Delile's “ Flor. Aegypt. Illustr., ” no. 164: no. 57: and no. 79:)] n. un. with ة; signifying a single grain thereof. (Msb.) دَخَنٌ داخ دخن دخنن inf. n. of دَخِنَ [q. v.]. (JK, Msb.) ― -b2- [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) The appearance, or appearing, of conflict and faction, sedition, discord, or the like. (TA.) ― -b3- Hence also, i. e. from دَخَنُ النَّارِ and الطَّبِيخِ, (TA,) (tropical:) A state of alteration for the worse, of intellect, and of religion, and of the grounds of pretension to respect or honour. (K, TA.) ― -b4- Also i. q. دُخَانٌ. (S, K.) See this word in two places. ― -b5- [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) A duskiness, or dinginess, inclining to blackness; (S TA;) as also ↓ دُخْنَةٌ ; (JK, S, K;) [like the colour of smoke, (see 1, last signification but one,) or] like the colour of iron: (TA:) it is in a sheep, (S,) or a horse and similar beasts, or in a garment, (TA,) and in a sword: (S, A, TA:) in this last it means (tropical:) a blackness that appears in the broad side, by reason of its great brightness: (A, TA:) or the diversified wavy marks, streaks, or grain, (syn. فِرِنْد,) of a sword. (K.) ― -b6- Also (tropical:) Rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite. (JK, K, TA.) ― -b7- And (tropical:) Badness, corruptness, or wickedness, of nature or disposition. (K, TA.) دَخِنٌ داخ دخن دخنن [applied to food, and to flesh-meat, Infected with smoke: see دَخِنَ. ― -b2- And hence,] applied to wine, or beverage, (assumed tropical:) Altered for the worse in odour. (TA.) ― -b3- And رَجُلٌ دَخِنُ الخُلُقِ (Sh, JK, S) (tropical:) A man bad, corrupt, or wicked, in respect of nature, or disposition. (Sh, JK, TA.) [See also دَاخِنٌ.] دُخْنَةٌ داخ دخن دخنه دخننه دخنة i. q. ذَرِيَرةٌ [which generally means Particles of calamus aromaticus], (K,) or the like thereof, (S,) [i. e.] incense, or a substance for fumigation, (بَخُورٌ, JK, Mgh, Msb,) [of any kind, and particularly] like ذريزة, (Mgh, Msb,) with which houses, or tents, or chambers, (S Mgh, Msb, K,) or a house, or tent, or chamber, (JK, M,) and clothes, (M,) are fumigated. (JK, S M, Mgh, Msb, K.) -A2- See also دَخَنٌ. ― -b2- [Hence, app.,] أَبُو دُخْنَةِ or ابو دُخْنَةَ A certain bird, (IB, K, TA,) the colour of which is like that of the قُبَّرَةٌ [or lark]: so says IB: or, as in some MSS., like the colour termed الغُبْرَة [i. e. dust-colour]. (TA.) دُخْنَآءٌ دخنآء A species of عُصْفُور [or sparrow]; as also ↓ دُخْنَانٌ . (K, * TA.) يَوْمٌ دَخْنَانٌ يوم دخنان (tropical:) A hot, or an intensely hot, day: (JK, K, TA:) and لَيْلَةٌ دَخْنَانَةٌ (tropical:) a night intensely hot, (JK, TA,) in which the heat is such as takes away the breath; (TA;) as though it were overspread by smoke: (JK, TA:) or a dusky, or dingy, night, inclining to blackness. (S.) دُخْنَانٌ دخنان : see دُخْنَآءٌ. دُخَانٌ دخان (S, Msb, K) and ↓ دُخَّانٌ , (K,) which latter is the form [now] commonly used, (TA,) and ↓ دَخَنٌ , (S, K,) i. q. عُثَانٌ [a less usual term, meaning Smoke]: (K: [in the S it is said merely that the دُخَان of fire is well known:]) pl. (of the first, S, Msb) دَوَاخِنُ, (S, Msb, K,) like as عَوَاثِنُ is pl. of عُثَانٌ, (S, Msb,) the only other instance of the kind, (Msb,) deviating from rule, (S,) and دَوَاخِينُ, [also irreg., and both pls. of mult.,] and أَدْخِنَةٌ [a pl. of pauc.]. (K.) [Hence, the tribes of] Ghanee and Báhileh (غَنِىّ and بَاهِلَة) were called اِبْنَا دُخَانٍ [The two sons of smoke] (S, K, TA) because they smoked a party of men (دَخَّنُوا عَلَى قَوْمٍ) in a cave and so killed them. (TA.) Hence also, (S,) ↓ هُدْنَةٌ عَلَى دَخَنٍ (tropical:) A calm [or truce] for a cause other than recon- ciliation: (S, K, TA: [in the CK, لَغَلَبَةٍ is erroneously put for لِعِلَّةٍ:]) or (assumed tropical:) [as a cloak] upon [i. e. concealing] inward corruptness; from دَخِنَتِ النَّارُ explained above; [see 1;] (Msb;) [for] IAth says that it likens inward corruptness beneath outward rectitude to the smoke [or smoking] of fresh, or moist, firewood: (TA:) or (assumed tropical:) upon latent rancour or malevolence: (S and TA in art. هدن:) but A'Obeyd, in explaining a trad. in which it occurs, takes it from دَخَنٌ as signifying “ a duskiness, or dinginess, inclining to blackness,” in the colour of a beast or of a garment; for he says that it means [a case in which] the mutual love of two parties will not become pure, like the duskiness, or dinginess, that is in the colour of a beast. (TA.) ― -b2- دُخَانٌ is also used by the Arabs for (assumed tropical:) Evil, or mischief, when it arises; as in the saying, كَانَ بَيْنَنَا أَمْرٌ ا@رْتَفَعَ لَهُ دُخَانٌ [There was between us an affair that had evil, or mischief, arising in consequence of it]. (TA.) ― -b3- It also means (assumed tropical:) Dearth, drought, sterility, or unfruitfulness; and hunger: and so it has been said to mean in the Kur xliv. 9: for it is said that the hungry [once] saw smoke (دُخَان) between him and the sky: or hunger is thus called because of the dryness of the earth in drought, and the rising of the dust, which is likened to دُخَان [properly so termed]. (TA.) ― -b4- [In the present day, it is also applied, but generally pronounced ↓ دُخَّان , to Tobacco; nicotiana tabacum of Linn.] دُخَّانٌ دخان : see the next preceding paragraph, first and last sentences. دَاخِنٌ داخن Firewood producing دُخَان [or smoke]. (TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] خُلُقٌ دَاخِنٌ (assumed tropical:) A bad, corrupt, or wicked, nature or disposition. (TA.) [See also دَخِنٌ.] دَاخِنَةٌ داخنه داخنة [A chimney;] a hole, or perforation, [or hollow channel,] in which are pipes of baked clay (إِِرْدَبَّات) [for the passage of smoke]: (JK:) its pl. is دَوَاخِنُ, (TA,) signifying holes, or apertures, [or hollow channels, for the passage of smoke,] made over frying-pans and the fire-places of baths &c.; (K, TA;) called by the vulgar مَدَاخِنُ [pl. of ↓ مَدْخَنَةٌ ]. (TA.) أَدْخَنُ ذ , applied to a ram [&c.], (JK, S,) Of a dusky, or dingy, colour, inclining to blackness: (JK, S, K:) fem. دَخْنَآءُ. (S, K.) [ مَدْخَنٌ مدخن A place of smoke.] مَدْخَنَةٌ مدخن مدخنه مدخنة : see دَاخِنَةٌ. مِدْخَنَةٌ مدخن مدخنه مدخنة A vessel for fumigation; i. q. مِجْمَرَةٌ: (K:) or differing from the مِجْمَرَة, [app. in being made only of baked clay,] and not disapproved; whereas the مجمرة is disapproved, because generally of silver: (Mgh in art جمر:) pl. مَدَاخِنُ. (TA.)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: