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Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
scordant echoes with which his ears must be infested. The Fugitive Slave Act came up again on later days in the session. On July 14 Dixon took exception in a courteous way to Sumner's construction of his official oath and his application of Jackson's celebrated phrase. Sumner repeated the doctrine, adding John Quincy Adams as an authority, that his oath was to support the Constitution as he understood it. Four days later he presented a memorial from the ancient Abolition Society of Pennsylvania for the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act, and stated with considerable fulness its purport. Clay made some opprobrious remarks, which Sumner only noticed by saying that he was always ready to answer anything in the shape of an argument; but he did not consider any senator who did not keep within the rules as his peer. Other Southern senators who referred to him—Dawson, Bayard, and Benjamin—were entirely respectful. The last named senator, to whose kindness of manner and conformity to
Worcester (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
s constituents after his return from Washington was at the Republican State convention held at Worcester, September 7. An account of the circumstances out of which the convention grew is given lat greet you. Works, vol. III. pp. 452-453. There was as expected an immense audience at Worcester, drawn there by the prodigious interest in Sumner, growing out of his recent conflicts in the papers, afford to ignore him. One of them hazarded the expense of hiring a special train from Worcester to Boston to run the distance of forty miles in an hour (unusual speed at that time), in order place in the leadership of a great movement. The result was that the mass convention held at Worcester July 20, and the nominating convention held there September 7, which Sumner addressed, were, tculiar direction which the politics of the State had taken, Sumner did not after his speech at Worcester make any political address during the recess of Congress; but his time was well occupied. He
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 10
anonymous article on Comte, which touched on the idea of a regular and progressive course of events in history,—a topic which he had treated in a college address, At Schenectady, . July 25, 1848, on The Law of Human Progress vol. II. pp. 89-138.—he sent, to the care of that journal, a note of sympathy and thanks to the author, who proved to be Dr. J. C. Welling, then a regular contributor to the Intelligencer, later one of its editors, and afterwards President of Columbian College, Washington, D. C. This was the beginning of a friendship based on common tastes in literature rather than on agreement in the political controversies of the time. The following is Sumner's second note to Dr. Welling, dated March 16, 1854:— As a faithful reader of your articles in the National Intelligencer, I am glad of an opportunity to express to you the pleasure which they have given me. As an humble student, in moments taken from other things, of departments illustrated by your elegant pen, I h<
Warren (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
truction. Syphax in the Boston Commonwealth, March 13, 1854. To this eminent statesman belongs the honor of leadership in this historic debate. When Mr. Everett entered the Senate in March, 1853, he was buoyant in spirit. He considered it, as he said at the time, the highest honor of his public life that he had been permitted to have a seat in that body. March 21, 1853, in debate. He took occasion, about three weeks later, in the discussion of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty, to make a Young America speech on Central American affairs, in which he went out of his way to pay court to Douglas,—a politician with opinions, manners, and tastes the opposite of his own,— speaking of him as one who was destined, without a superior, to impress his views of public policy on the American people, and to receive in return all the honors and trusts which they could bestow. It was noticeable with what amiable and complimentary phrases during this session, and at the beginning of the next in Decemb
South River (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
amidst all diversities of opinion we are bound together by ties of a common country; that Massachusetts and South Carolina are sister States, and that the concord of sisters ought to prevail between them; but I am constrained to declare that throughout this debate I have sought in vain any token of that just spirit which within the sphere of its influence is calculated to promote the concord whether of State or of individuals And now for the present I part with the venerable senator from South Carolina. Parts of Butler's speech justify the impression that he was of a generous nature, and under different conditions would have deserved esteem. At first he confessed a reluctance to pursue the matter to a personal issue with Sumner, on account of their former friendly relations, particularly on account of the latter's revision of his classical quotations and other literary service; but as the first day's colloquy left the advantage with Sumner, he felt obliged to renew the contro
South River, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
the power and duty of Congress to prohibit slavery in the territories, and an exposure of the sophistries which were urged in behalf of the institution, or of concession to its demands. Appealing for the maintenance of good faith, pledged in the Missouri Compact, he said:— I appeal to senators about me not to disturb it. I appeal to the senators from Virginia to keep inviolate the compact made in their behalf by James Barbour and Charles Fenton Mercer. I appeal to the senators from South Carolina to guard the work of John Gaillard and William Lowndes. I appeal to the senators from Maryland to uphold the Compromise which elicited the constant support of Samuel Smith, and was first triumphantly pressed by the unsurpassed eloquence of Pinkney. I appeal to the senators from Delaware to maintain the landmark of freedom in the Territory of Louisiana early proposed by Louis McLane. I appeal to the senators from Kentucky not to repudiate the pledges of Henry Clay. I appeal to t
Bridgewater (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
was estimated—at the spring meetings held for municipal purposes revived the custom of the Revolutionary period long since fallen into disuse, and after a discussion upon an article inserted in the warrant for the purpose, declared the solemn conviction of the people, with only here and there a stray vote in the negative, that the repeal of the Missouri prohibition was a perfidious and wicked act. For illustration, only two negative votes were given in Concord and Stoughton; while in Bridgewater, Dedham, Westboroa, South Reading, Fitchburg, and Northampton there was no dissent. Public meetings, thronged by citizens irrespective of party, were held in sparsely settled districts as well as populous towns. The pulpit diverged from customary topics, and by concert on Sunday, March 5, summoned the people, as a moral and religious duty, to resist the great wrong. The clergy in their conferences and the religious press echoed the appeal. Remonstrances were everywhere signed by thousa
Connecticut (Connecticut, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
I did not understand that senator as meaning to say that he would not obey the Constitution or would disregard his oath; nor, allow me to say, was he so understood by many gentlemen on this side of the chamber; but he simply meant to say (I certainly so understood him that he did not consider that the Constitution imposed any such obligation upon him; that is all. Fessenden's version was in substance confirmed by Rusk of Texas. The discussion closed with the question from Toucey of Connecticut, Does he recognize the obligation to return a fugitive slave? Sumner replied, To that I answer distinctly, no. The petition was then referred. When Sumner at the close of his speech resumed his seat, Chase said to him: You have struck slavery the strongest blow it ever received; you have made it reel to the centre. Such was the intense feeling, that Pettit's suggestion of Sumner's expulsion was seriously entertained; but a canvass of the Senate showed that a sufficient vote could no
Boston (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
s, including the eminent theologians of the Seminary. Business was well—nigh suspended in the absorbing agitation. At firesides, in shops, and on the street men and women talked of little else than the impending outrage at Washington. Only in the Civil War has there ever been such unity among the people. Some there were who fell back from the enthusiasm and high resolves of this hour; but now Massachusetts from the ocean to her most western hill stood as one man for the sacred cause. In Boston there was a demonstration, February 23, perhaps the most notable in all her history. The mercantile Whigs, keeping aloof from the antislavery men, met in Faneuil Hall, which was filled in every part. The chairman was Samuel A. Eliot, already familiar to these pages. On the platform, in conspicuous seats, were the merchants and lawyers who were original supporters of the Compromise of 1850, or afterwards joined in condemning the agitation for its repeal. The principal orators, Hillard a
Wisconsin (Wisconsin, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
unconstitutional and justly condemned by the moral sense of the communities among whom it was sought to be enforced. Works, vol. III. pp. 426-432. The leader in the New York Tribune, of July 12, suggested by the decision of Judge Smith, of Wisconsin, was written by Sumner. The provision for Batchelder's widow was moved, July 31, as an amendment to a bill for the relief of the widow of a person who had died of wounds received in the war of 1812; and the amendment was adopted after varioncreased from four to ten, while the vote against repeal had decreased from forty-seven to thirty-five. He had now in Rockwell a colleague who voted with him. Seward and Foot, who withheld their votes then, now voted for the repeal. Walker of Wisconsin, who then voted against the repeal, now voted for it; while Fish, who then voted against the repeal, now withheld his vote. A few moments before, Mr. Fish voted on an appeal from the decision of the chair. Fessenden gave his vote for the rep
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