In reply to this Philip followed a very different line of argument from that recently used against the Thessalians and Perrhaebians: “With the Maroneans or with Eumenes,” he said, “I have no debate, but now, Romans, the debate is with you, from whom I have for some time observed that I receive no fair treatment.
The cities of the Macedonians which had revolted from me during the truce1
I deemed it right that I should recover, not because it would be an important addition to my kingdom —for [p. 305]
they are small towns and, moreover, situated on the2
farthest frontiers —but because it was a valuable precedent for holding within bounds the other Macedonians.
This was refused me. During the Aetolian war, ordered by the consul Manius Acilius to besiege Lamia, after I had been wearied for a long time by the siege and battles and when I was on the point of scaling the walls, I was recalled by him from the city, which was all but taken, and compelled to march my troops away.
As a consolation for this injustice it was permitted to me to recover certain fortresses (such they were rather than cities) of Thessaly and Perrhaebia and the Athamanians.
Even these, Quintus Caecilius, you took away from me a few days ago. Just now (heaven help us!) the ambassadors of Eumenes assumed it as not to be gainsaid that it was more just for Eumenes than for me to have what had belonged to Antiochus. I judge the matter far differently. Eumenes could not have remained in his kingdom, I do not mean if the Romans had not conquered, but if they had not undertaken the war.
And so he has received favours from you, not you from him. So far from true was it that any part of my kingdom was in danger that when Antiochus voluntarily promised me three thousand talents and fifty decked ships and all the cities of Greece which I had held before, as the price of my alliance,3
I refused; I preferred to be his enemy even before Manius Acilius brought his army across to Greece.
And with that consul I conducted whatever campaign he assigned to me;
and for the following consul, Lucius Scipio, when he had decided to lead his army to the Hellespont by land, I not merely gave him a right of way through our kingdom but also paved roads, built [p. 307]
bridges, furnished supplies; and this not through4
Macedonia alone but also through Thrace, where, along with everything else, I had to maintain peace with the barbarians.
For this zeal in your behalf, not to say for these services to you, was
it right, Romans, that you should add to and enlarge and increase somewhat my domains by your generosity, or that you should take away what I have, either by my own right or by your kindness, as you are doing now?5
The cities of the Macedonians, which you admit were part of my dominion, are not restored.
Eumenes has come to despoil me as if I were Antiochus, and (heaven help us!) he brings forward, for his most impudent manipulation of the facts, the decree of the ten commissioners, by which more than anything else he can be both refuted and convicted.
For it was written therein most explicitly and clearly that the Chersonesus and Lysimachia were given to Eumenes.
Where, pray, were Aenus and Maronea and the Thracian cities assigned to him?6
What he did not even dare to ask of them shall he obtain from you as if he had been granted it by them? It makes a difference in what category you wish me to be with reference to you.
If you have determined to harass me as a private and public enemy, continue to act as you have begun; but if some consideration is due me as an allied and friendly king, I beg you not to judge me worthy of such an injury.”