previous next
9. The people straightway commanded the tribes1 to be called, and it seemed that the measure would be accepted; nevertheless it was put off for that day on account of a veto. [2] on the following day the tribunes were cowed and the law was passed with acclamation. to be pontiffs were chosen the advocate of the law, Publius Decius Mus, with Publius Sempronius Sophus, Gaius Marcius Rutulus, and Marcus Livius Denter; the five augurs were likewise of the plebs, Gaius Genucius, Publius Aelius Paetus, Marcus Minucius Faesus, Gaius Marcius, and Titus Publilius. thus the number of pontiffs became eight and of augurs nine.

[3] in the same year Marcus Valerius the consul proposed a law of appeal with stricter sanctions. this was the third time since the expulsion of the kings that such a law had been introduced, by the same family in every instance.2 [4] The reason for renewing it more than once was, I think, simply this, that the wealth of a few carried more power than the liberty of the plebs. yet the Porcian law alone seems to have been passed to protect the persons of the citizens, imposing, as it did, a heavy penalty if anyone should scourge or put to death a Roman citizen.3 [5] The Valerian law, having forbidden that [p. 391]he who had appealed should be scourged with rods4 or beheaded, merely provided that if anyone should disregard these injunctions it should be deemed a wicked act. [6] this seemed, I suppose, a sufficiently strong sanction of the law, so modest were men in those days; [7] at the present time one would hardly utter such a threat in earnest.

The same consul conducted an insignificant campaign against the rebellious Aequi, who retained nothing of their ancient fortune but a warlike spirit. [8] Apuleius, the other consul, laid siege to the town of Nequinum in Umbria. it was a steep place and on one side precipitous —the site is now occupied by Narnia —and could be captured neither by assault nor by siege operations. [9] The enterprise was therefore still unfinished when Marcus Fulvius Paetus5 and Titus Manlius Torquatus, the new consuls, took it over.

[10] Licinius Macer and Tubero declare that all the centuries were for naming Quintus Fabius consul for this year, though he was not a candidate, but that Fabius himself urged them to defer his consulship to a year when there was more fighting; just then he would be of greater service to the state if invested with an urban magistracy. [11] and so, neither dissembling what he had in mind nor yet seeking it, he was elected curule aedile, with Lucius Papirius Cursor.6 [12] i have been unable to put this down for certain, because Piso, one of the older annalists,7 states that the curule aediles for that year were Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus, the son of [p. 393]Gnaeus, and Spurius Carvilius Maximus, the son of8 Quintus. [13] i fancy that this surname occasioned an error in regard to the aediles, and that a story afterwards grew up in harmony with the error, from a confusion of the aedilician with the consular elections. [14] this year witnessed also the closing of the lustrum,9 by the censors Publius Sempronius Sophus and Publius Sulpicius Saverrio, and two tribes were added —the Aniensis and the Terentina. so much for affairs at Rome.

1 B.C. 299

2 For the earlier laws de provocatione, see II. viii. 2, and III. Iv. 4.

3 This law was not passed until (probably) 198 B.C., at the instance of the elder Cato, who was then praetor.

4 B.C. 299

5 The acta Triumphorum (C.I.L., 12, p. 171) give him as son of Gnaeus and grandson of Gnaeus; he is therefore not the same as the M. Fulvius who was consul in 305 B.C. (ix. xliv. 15), whose father and grandfather were both named Lucius.

6 Fabius had already held this office, 331 B.C. (viii. xviii. 4).

7 For Piso and the other annalists see Vol. I. pp. xxviii- XXX.

8 B.C. 299

9 The “closing of the lustrum” was accomplished by the sacrifice of a swine, a sheep and an ox (the suovetaurilia), and completed the ceremonies incidental to the census.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Notes (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1898)
load focus Summary (English, Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus Summary (Latin, W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1898)
load focus Summary (Latin, Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus Latin (Charles Flamstead Walters, Robert Seymour Conway, 1919)
load focus English (Rev. Canon Roberts, 1912)
load focus English (D. Spillan, A.M., M.D., Cyrus Evans, 1849)
load focus Latin (Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1898)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
331 BC (1)
305 BC (1)
198 BC (1)
hide References (90 total)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: