A Roman fort site at
the N end of the Lancashire plain. Occupation began in
the Flavian period with the construction of an auxiliary
fort on top of the hill now occupied by the Castle and
St. Mary's Church. Recent excavation shows that the fort
underwent at least four periods of occupation extending
into the late 4th c. when a disaster occurred, presumably
ca. A.D. 367. By the later periods the site had changed
in character and the so-called Wery Wall appears to represent the defenses of a coastal station comparable to a
Saxon Shore fort. Finds are in the local museum.
I. A. Richmond, “Excavations on the
Site of the Roman Fort at Lancaster,” Trans. Hist. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches
. 105 (1953) 1ff; G.D.B. Jones, “Roman Lancashire,”ArchJ
127 (1970) 237ffMI