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the modern name for a structure, thought to have been a naumachia, lying just north-west of the castle of S. Angelo, the ruins of which were excavated in 1743 and of which traces have been found later (DAP I. x. (1842), 431-470; NS 1899, 436; BC 1911, 204-205). For a full discussion of the identification of this building, its history, and bibliography, see Hulsen in DAP 2. viii. 353-388; HJ 660-661 (cf. BC 1914, 394-5 for objections). He believes that this was the work of Trajan, to whose period the brick-facing belongs (AJA 1912, 417), perhaps a rebuilding of that of Domitian in the same or another place, and that it had been abandoned by the sixth century (Procop. BG ii. I). It would then have been one of the two naumachiae of Not.; and from it came the name regio naumachiae, which was in use as early as the sixth century (see also Durm, Baukunst 699-700; DAP 2. xv. 370-371; DuP 34; HCh 416). It is generally known as circus Hadriani, but wrongly. The Hermes of the Belvedere was found in it, if the information given by Ligorio is correct (JRS 1919, 181).

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