A Roman term signifying properly the allowance of salt which the governor furnished for the
magistrates and officers who formed his retinue; then the gratification in money which took
the place of the salt. Under the Empire it was the pay (stipendium
the imperial magistrates, as well as of the physicians and professors in the service of the
State, though still used also in the early sense (Pliny , Pliny
H. N. xxxi. 89
; Hist. Aug. Ant. P.