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A Roman term signifying properly the allowance of salt which the governor furnished for the magistrates and officers who formed his retinue; then the gratification in money which took the place of the salt. Under the Empire it was the pay (stipendium) of the imperial magistrates, as well as of the physicians and professors in the service of the State, though still used also in the early sense (Pliny , Pliny H. N. xxxi. 89; Hist. Aug. Ant. P. 11).

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