) was a deep pit at Athens into which
criminals, and the dead bodies of executed criminals, were cast. (Plat.
iv. p. 439 E; Plut. Themist.
Xen. Hell. 1.7
.) It was situated in the demus Κειριάδαι
219), probably a N.W. suburb of Athens. (Hanriot, Recherches sur la
topographie des dèmes de l'Attique,
pp. 15, 17.) It
is mentioned as early as the Persian wars, and continued to be employed as a
mode of punishment in the time of the orators. The executioner was called
ὁ ἐπὶ τῷ ὀρύγματι.
Aristoph. Pl. 431
; Harpocrat. s. vv.;
; Xen. Hell.
; Lycurg. c.
§ 121; Dinarch. c. Dem.
§ 62.) It corresponded to the Spartan Ceadas. [CEADAS.]