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ARNE (Ἄρνη: Eth. Ἀρναἰος).


The chief town of the Aeolian Boeotians in Thessaly, which was said to have derived its name from Arne, a daughter of Aeolus. (Paus. 9.40.5.) The town was said to have been founded three generations before the Trojan war. (Diod. 4.67.) According to Thucydides (1.12) the Aeolian Boeotians were expelled from Arne by the Thessalians sixty years after the Trojan war, and settled in the country called Boeotia after them; but other writers, inverting the order of events, represent the Thessalian Arne as founded by Boeotians, who had been expelled from their country by the Pelasgians. (Strab. ix. pp. 401, 411, 413 ; Steph. B. sub voce K. O. Müller has brought forward many reasons for believing that in the Aeolian Boeotians occupied the centre of Thessaly, and nearly the same district as the Thessaliotis of later times; and his views are confirmed by Leake's discovery of the site of CIERIUM (Κιέριον), which, according to Stephanus B. (s. v. Ἄρνη) was identical with Arne, and which must be placed at Mataránga, between the Epineus or Apidanus, and a tributary of the latter river, probably the ancient Curalius. For details see CIERIUM (Müller, Dorians, vol. ii. p. 475, seq. transl.; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 500, seq.)


A town of Boeotia, mentioned by Homer (Hom. Il. 2.507), and probably founded by the Boeotians after their expulsion from Thessaly. Some of the ancients identified this Boeotian Arne with Chaeroneia (Paus. 9.40.5), others with Acraephium (Strab. ix. p.413); and others again supposed that it had been swallowed up by the waters of the lake Copais. (Strab. i. p.59, ix. p. 413.)

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