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TANE´TUM or TANNE´TUM (Τάνητον, Ptol.: Eth. Tanetanus, Plin.: S. Ilario), a small town of Gallia Cispadana, on the Via Aemilia, between Regium Lepidum and Parma, and distant 10 miles from the former and 8 from the latter city. (Itin. Ant. p. 287; Itin. Hier. p. 616; Tab. Peut.) It is mentioned in history before the Roman conquest of this part of Italy, as a Gaulish village, to which the praetor L. Manlius retired after his defeat by the Boii in B.C. 218, and where he was surrounded and besieged by that people. (Pol. 3.40; Liv. 21.25.) Its name is not again noticed in history, but it is mentioned both by Pliny and Ptolemy as a municipal town of Gallia Cispadana, though it appears to have never risen to be a place of importance. (Plin. Nat. 3.15. s. 20; Ptol. 3.1.46; Phlegon, Macrob. 1.) Livy calls the Gaulish town “vicus Pado propinquus,” an expression which would lead to an erroneous idea of its position; for we learn from the Itineraries that it certainly stood on the Via Aemilia, at a distance of more than 10 miles from the Padus. The site is still occupied by a large village, which is now called, from the name of its principal church, Sant‘ Ilario; but a hamlet or village about half a mile to the N. still retains the name of Taneto. It is distant about 2 miles from the river Enza, the Nicia of Pliny (3.16. s. 20), which flows into the Po, about 12 miles from the point where it crosses the Aemilian Way.


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