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The Burnside Expedition.

The telegraph is still reporting the movements of the Burnside expedition. But up to the time of the writing of this has not given its movements a definite conclusion.--On Sunday it was reported there were one hundred sail of the enemy inside of Hatteras and twenty-five large steamers outside of the bar. It was conjectured, according to this telegraph, that it was designed to make a combined attack on Newbern and Roanoke Island.

Roanoke Island is at the mouth of Albemarle Sound, and is the boundary line between that and Pamlico Sound, which the enemy's ships enter upon crossing the bar at Hatteras. Pamlico Sound is a shallow body of water only navigable by light draft vessels. 50 miles long, and from 8 to 30 miles broad, separated from the Atlantic by low sandy Islands, scarcely a mile wide, covered with bushes. Pamlico Sound receives Neuse, Tar, and Pamlico rivers. Newbern is on the Neuse, at the junction of Trent river with it — the Trent being a sort of estuary of Pamlico Sound. It is not without protection; but it is unnecessary to say what.

Washington is on the Tar river, at its entrance into Pamlico river, at the head of navigation for sea-going craft, and forty miles from the Sound. No large vessel can can reach it, the water not being sufficiently deep.

On the north Pamlico connects with Albemarle Sound, which is sixty miles long from east to west, and from four to fifteen miles wide. It receives the waters of Roanoke and Chowan rivers, and communicates with the Chesapeake bay by the Dismal Swamp canal.

Edenton is situated near the mouth of Chowan river, on Edenton bay, which sets up from the Albemarle Sound. It is sixty-six mile from Norfolk.

The Orleans river is formed by the union of the Northway and Meherrin rivers, which rise in Virginia and unite above Winton, N. C. and flowing S. S. E., it enters Albemarle Sound by a wide estuary a little south of the mouth of the Roanoke. It is navigable for small sail vessels to Murfreesborough, on the Meherrin branch, about 75 miles from the ocean.

Elizabeth City, North Carolina, is on the Pasquotank river, twenty miles from its entrance into Albemarle Sound, forty miles S. S. W. of Norfolk. Vessels drawing seven feet of water come up to Elizabeth City, which communicates with Norfolk with water via the Dismal Swamp Canal.

The reader perceives the extent of water communication the enemy will command should be get possession of the two Sounds, with boats of light draft. Roanoke Island commands the entrance to Albemarle Sound. There is a force there, how large or how defended, we are unable to say; but we imagine it will have to abandon the place should the enemy make a demonstration upon it with his large naval force. General Wise has been appointed to command that place and all North of it and South of Norfolk. He has been only recently appointed, and has not yet left this city. General Branch, of North Carolina, commands the district next below Albemarle Sound, including Pamlico. He has been, it is said, taking the most vigilant measures for the defence of the towns and coast in his district.

Much apprehension exists in the towns reached by the Sounds. We have a brief dispatch from Murfreesborough, which states that the militia of the county (Hertford) had been called out in consequence of the appearance of the Burnside expedition on the coast. It states that the notorious C. H. Foster was guiding the fleet.

The occupation of Roanoke Island by the enemy, will very much interrupt the transportation of supplies to Norfolk. But there can be no danger of an attack upon Norfolk from that direction, we imagine.

It is to be hoped that if the now famous Burnside, who, like all expeditionary Yankee Generals, is reported to be irresistible before he sets sail, really intends to beat up the quarters of the North State, that he will have courage and pluck to leave his ships and give our soldiers a fair shake. Nothing would be more agreeable. With such an extent of frontier, and no navy, it would be say to expect or hope that no landing could be effected by our execrable invaders. But when they do land, all that we ask is that they may penetrate into the country, and let as see what stuff they are made of. An invading army should do no less than this, and to do less betrays either a want of confidence in themselves or a dread of our soldiers.

Speculation as to the purpose of Burnside will no doubt soon be ended by the fact of his proceedings.

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