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[4] Any man had to be rated as a Five-hundred-measure man the produce from whose estate was five hundred dry and liquid measures jointly,1 and at the cavalry-rate those who made three hundred,—or as some say, those who were able to keep a horse, and they adduce as a proof the name of the rating as being derived from the fact, and also the votive offerings of the ancients; for there stands dedicated in the Acropolis a statue of Diphilus2 on which are inscribed these lines:“Anthemion Diphilus's son dedicated this statue to the gods
. . . having exchanged the Laborer rating for the Cavalry—
” and a horse stands beside him, in evidence that 'cavalry' meant the class able to keep a horse. Nevertheless it is more probable that the cavalry were distinguished by their amounts of produce as the Five-hundred-measure men were. And men had to be rated in the Teamster class who made two hundred measures, wet and dry together; while the rest were rated in the Laborer class, being admitted to no office: hence even now when the presiding official asks a man who is about to draw lots for some office what rate he pays, no one whatever would say that he was rated as a Laborer.3

1 i.e. measures of corn and of wine and oil amounting in all to five hundred.

2 'Of Diphilus' is probably a mistaken insertion; presumably the statue was of Anthemion himself.

3 Apparently the property qualification was ignored, without being formally repealed.

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