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Greek city and port near Chernomorskoe along the NW Crimean coast. It was founded in the late 4th-early 3d c. B.C. by Chersonesus. A fortress against the Scythians, it was built well into enemy territory. It was captured by the Scythians ca. mid 2d c. B.C. and occupied by them until the early centuries of our era.

Excavations have revealed remains of fortifications, made of beaten earth, and ruins of stone dwellings dating from the 1st c. B.C. to the 2d c. A.D. The finds include pottery and other articles of local make, non-Greek in influence.


M. A. Nalivkina, “Raskopki Kerkinitidy i Kalos Limena (1948-1952 gg.),” Istoriia i arkheologiia drevnego Kryma (1957) 264-81; id., “Torgovye sviazi antichnykh gorodov Severo-Zapadnogo Kryma (Kerkinitida i Kalos Limen v V-II vv. do n.e.),” Problemy istorii Severnogo Prichernomor'ia v antichnuiu epokhu (1959) 183-94; id., “Kerkinitida i Kalos Limen,” Antichnyi gorod (1963) 55-60; M. L. Bernhard, “Kalos-Limen. Fouilles Polonaises en Crimée, URSS, 1959,” Bulletin du Musée National de Varsovie 2 (1961) no. 1; A. N. Shcheglov, “Issledovanie sel'skoi okrugi Kalos Limena,” SovArkh (1967) 3.234-56.


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