an earthen vessel used in sacrifices. Other forms are
, 11), capeduncula
(id. N. D.
3.17, 43), and capula
(Varr. L. L.
“capis et minores capulae a capiendo, quod ansatae ut prehendi
possint, id est capi” ). We thus see that it was fitted with a
handle, but its shape is variously described. According to Varro (ap. Non.
p. 547, 15), it was a small pitcher (urceolus
according to Festus (P. Diac. p. 48 M.), a cup (poculum
). It is joined with the lituus
among the sacred implements of the augurs (Liv. 10.7
), and the two are often represented on
coins and medals struck in honour of persons belonging to the more
distinguished priesthoods. One of these coins is figured under AUGUR
another under URCEUS
Another shape occurs on
coins given by Daremberg and Saglio; but in these the vessel is more
probably the SIMPULUM
was also used in sacrifices, and which is figured under SECESPITA
The presence of the
makes the pitcher shape the most
probable. The conservatism of Roman religion required the retention of the
primitive plainness of material as well as of the antique shape; in the time
of Cicero (ll. cc.
) costly vessels were only
beginning to be used in sacrifices. Pliny dates a great increase in the
luxury of capides et pocula
from Pompey's third
triumph, B.C. 61: and after this time the capis
was no longer reserved for sacred purposes, but passed into ordinary use.
(Plin. Nat. 37
. § § 18,
20; cf. Petron. 52; Marquardt, Privatl.