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TARVI´SIUM (Ταρβίσιον: Eth. Tarvisianus: Treviso), a town of Northern Italy, in the province of Venetia, situated on the left bank of the river Silis (Sele), about 15 miles from its mouth. The name is not mentioned by any of the geographers, though Pliny speaks of the Silis as flowing “ex montibus Tarvisanis,” in a manner that would lead us to suppose it to have been a municipal town (Plin. Nat. 3.18. s. 22), and this is confirmed by an inscription given by Muratori (Inscr. p. 328). After the fall of the Western Empire it appears as a considerable city, and is repeatedly noticed by Procopius during the Gothic Wars, as well as by Cassiodorus and Paulus Diaconus. (Cassiod. Var. 10.27; Procop. B. G. 2.29, 3.1, 2; P. Diac. Hist. Lang. 2.12, 4.3, 5.28, &c.) It retained this consideration throughout the middle ages, and is still a flouishing city under the name of Treviso.


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