General Jefferson C. Davis shot General William Nelson at the Galt House, in Louisville, Ky., killing him almost instantly.
A. W. Bradford, Governor of Maryland, issued an order rendering the thanks of Maryland to General McClellan and the officers and men under his command, and to Governor Curtin and the militia of Pennsylvania, for the prompt expulsion of the rebel army from Maryland; also thanking the Maryland troops engaged in the battles.
A brigade of cavalry, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Karge, made a successful reconnoissance from Centreville, Va., to Warrenton, capturing and paroling sixteen hundred rebels, a portion of whom were on duty, and the remainder in hospital. On their return, Lieutenant York, when between Manassas and Bull Run, took a captain and twenty men of the Seventeenth South-Carolina regiment prisoners, and paroled them.
In the rebel House of Representatives, at Richmond, Va., Mr. Semmes, of Louisiana, submitted  a joint resolution declaring President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation to be “a gross violation of the usages of civilized warfare,” as well as “an invitation to an atrocious civil war,” and therefore should be counteracted by such severe retaliatory measures as, in the judgment of Jeff Davis, “may be best calculated to secure its withdrawal or arrest its execution.” A general debate thereupon ensued, in which the opinion was freely expressed that the “black flag” should be raised, and no quarter given during the remainder of the war. The resolution was then referred to the Judiciary Committee.-The Governor of Maryland ordered the draft in that State to be postponed until the fifteenth day of October.
Brigadier-General Rodman died in a house not far from Hagerstown, Md., of the wound he received at the battle of Antietam.
Major-General Halleck issued a circular to the Governors of the several States, urging them to fill up the vacancies of commissioned officers who had fallen in battles in such large numbers, by appointing deserving non-commissioned officers and privates who distinguished themselves in battle, and had evinced a capacity to command, to the vacant places.
S. B. Buckner, Major-General of the rebel army, issued a proclamation at Bardstown, Ky., calling upon the people of the State to arise for the defence of the rights of the Confederacy, and no “longer to submit to make themselves instruments in the hands of New England to make war upon our own interests, and upon the interests of our brothers of the South.”
To-day a force of Union troops consisting of Farnsworth's brigade of cavalry, accompanied by Gibson's and Tidball's batteries, crossed the Potomac from Maryland into Virginia below Shepherdstown. They reconnoitred the country for a distance of five or six miles, and discovered that the rebels still held their position in the vicinity of Winchester.
The Twenty-second regiment of New Jersey volunteers, nine months men, left Trenton for the seat of war. The regiment was fully equipped, and composed principally of young men from the farming districts.--Brig.-Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, having been assigned by General Wright to the command of the district of Western Virginia, entered upon his duties to-day, establishing his headquarters at Point Pleasant.--A spirited cavalry skirmish took place near Sharpsburgh, Md., in which the rebels were dispersed, and a squad of them captured.--Baltimore American, September 30.
Three hundred and sixty-three disloyal citizens of Carroll County, Mo., were assessed eleven thousand dollars by the Board of Commissioners appointed under General Order No. Three, for killing and wounding loyal soldiers and citizens, and for taking property belonging to said persons. The sums levied ranged from two to one thousand dollars on each person.