Frantic with fright.
, leading the advance troops of the rescuing force, describes them as ‘cowering under the river banks—frantic with fright and utterly demoralized.’
And yet, under the influence of a large army of fresh troops, Grant
had brought back into line for the second days' battle, these same demoralized men, and they fought with a heroism that atoned for their conduct on the first day. General Grant
says that no better soldiers ever marched to battle than some of the men who on the first day at Shiloh
fled panic-stricken from the field.
The day after the battle of Shiloh
, when the Confederates
had retired to their own defensive lines at Corinth
, General Grant
telegraphed to Halleck
: ‘It would be demoralizing upon our troops here to be forced to retire upon the opposite bank of the river, and unsafe to remain on this many weeks without large reinforcements.’
Let it be remembered that Buell
's army was still with him when he sent that dispatch.
Although the Confederate
attempt to crush Grant
's army and then recover all that had been lost by the fall of Fort Donelson
, had failed, Shiloh
put such a check upon the Federal
advance in the West
, that after a half-hearted form and movement on their part to Corinth
and occultation of that place, the Confederates
, now under Bragg
, made a bold march northward, which carried their lines for a while even to the Ohio river
, and checked the Federal
tide of the invasion for a year.
Allow me to add this much: General Longstreet
was not at the battle of Shiloh
, but was in Virginia
at that very time, assisting General Joseph E. Johnston
in checking the advance of General McClellan