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[132] Josiah Patterson, of Memphis, Tenn., 1st Alabama Cavalry, succeeded to his place. Colonel Patterson's death followed soon afterwards (Feb. 12, 1904), and General Basil W. Duke, of Louisville, Ky., was appointed.

As before stated, twenty-five miles of excellent road has been constructed, the undergrowth has been cut out, such of the original trees as remained, preserved, and a fine growth of trees forty-two years old, grown since the battle, adorn the park.

The park embraces, in round numbers, 3,675 acres of ground upon which there was actual fighting. Of this area the government has purchased 3,325.05 acres. About 350 acres more are needed for marking correctly the positions of all the troops. With this addition the government would own all the land upon which there was any fighting, including the Union camps and General Hardee's line of battle Saturday night.

The monuments in the park erected by States, are as follows:

Illinois has erected 38 regimental monuments, and one very handsome State monument; Ohio 34, Indiana 23, Iowa 11 regimental and one State monument. The latter in beauty of design, excellent workmanship and solidity of construction, is unexcelled. Pennsylvania has one monument to its one regiment engaged; Wisconsin will soon erect a monument.

General William B. Bate, of Tennessee, who commanded the 2d Regiment at Shiloh, has raised the necessary money, and will soon have erected a monument to that regiment. This, when in place, will be the first Confederate monument on the field.

The Commissioners have placed monuments to the general officers on both sides, and officers commanding brigades who were killed in battle. On the Confederate side Generals Albert Sidney Johnston and A. H. Gladden were killed, and of the Union Army, General W. H. L. Wallace and Colonels Julius Raith and Everett Peabody.

These are uniform in size and shape. Though plain, they are quite imposing. They are made with concrete foundation and base twenty feet square with pyramids of cannon-balls on each of the four corners. A concrete second base in the centre is surmounted by a 24-pounder parrott gun set on end. On this is a bronze shield with the inscription. The inscription on Genera Johnston's monument is as follows:

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Josiah Patterson (2)
Albert Sidney Johnston (2)
W. H. L. Wallace (1)
Julius Raith (1)
Everett Peabody (1)
Hardee (1)
A. H. Gladden (1)
Basil W. Duke (1)
William B. Bate (1)
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February 12th, 1904 AD (1)
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