Islands Off the Italian Coast
There is an excellent wine made at Capua called
Anadendrites, or the "wine of the climbing vine," with which
no other can compare. . . .
The length of the coast from Iapygia to the
straits is three thousand stades by land, and it is washed by
the Sicilian sea. Sailing, however, the distance is less than
five hundred stades. . . .
The largest distance of the Etrurian coast is from Luna to
Ostia, a distance of one thousand three hundred and thirty
. . .
The island Lemnos is called Aethaleia. . . .
The bay between the two promontories of Misenum and
Minerva is called the Crater (the Bowl).
Above this coast lies the whole of Campania,
the most fertile plain in the country. Round
the Bowl live the Opici and the Ausones. . . .
The north road from Iapygia has been
Eastern coast-road from S. to N. of Italy.
marked out with miles, five hundred and sixty
to Sena, and one hundred and seventy thence
to Aquileia. . . .
Then comes Lacinium . . . from the straits to this place
is a distance of one thousand three hundred
stades, and thence to the Iapygian promontory
seven hundred. . . .
Of the three craters one has partly fallen in, the other two
The craters in the volcanic Holy Island one of the Lipari group.
remain perfect. The largest has a circular
orifice with a circumference of five stades, but
it gradually contracts to a diameter of fifty feet;
it runs right down to the sea for a stade, so that
the sea is visible in clear weather. When a south wind is
about to blow, a thick mist envelopes the little island, so that
even Sicily is invisible from it: but if there is going to be a
north wind, bright flames rise from the crater and shoot up
high, and louder rumblings are emitted; but a west wind
causes a medium display of both. The other two craters are
of the same shape, but their eruptions are less violent. From the
difference in the sound of the rumbling, and by observing from
what point the eruptions and flames and smoke begin, the
wind which is to blow on the third day from that time can be
foretold. At least, some men in the Lipari Islands when
weather-bound have foretold what wind was coming and have
not been deceived. Therefore, it appears that Homer did not
speak without meaning, but was stating a truth allegorically
when he called Aeolus2
"steward of the winds." . . .