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Surrender of Typanae and Phigalia

These achievements of the king alarmed the whole
Typanae and Phigalia surrender to Philip.
people of Triphylia, and made them take counsel severally for the safety of themselves and their respective cities: while Phillidas left Typaneae, after plundering some of the houses there, and retired to Lepreum. This was the reward which the allies of the Aetolians at that time usually got: not only to be deserted at the hour of utmost need in the most barefaced way, but, by being plundered as well as betrayed, to suffer at the hands of their allies exactly what they had a right to expect from a victorous enemy. But the people of Typaneae surrendered their city to Philip; as also did the inhabitants of Hypana. And the people of Phigalia, hearing of what had taken place in Triphylia, and disliking the alliance with the Aetolians, rose in arms and seized the space round the Polemarchium.1 The Aetolian pirates who were residing in this city, for the purpose of plundering Messene, were able at first to keep down and overawe the people; but when they saw that the whole town was mustering to the rescue, they desisted from the attempt. Having made terms with them, they took their baggage and evacuated the town; whereupon the inhabitants sent an embassy to Philip, and delivered themselves and their town into his hands.

1 That is the office of the Polemarch, as in Athens the Strategium (στρατηγίον) is the office of the Strategi. Plutarch, Nicias, 5.

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hide References (5 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (4):
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), POLEMARCHUS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), HY´PANA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), LE´PREUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), TYPA´NEAE
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Plutarch, Nicias, 5
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