vigorously at Frazier
's farm, and defeated and put to flight the greater part of McCall
's division, capturing its commander and inflicting severe losses on the troops brought up in support.
At night-fall the Confederates
had pressed nearly to the Quaker
road, on which the Federals
were retreating, and had taken many prisoners and ten guns.
was unsupported, however, and the Federals
were able to hold on to their line of retreat until dark, when they fell back to Malvern Hill
This was the day big with fate to McClellan
co-operated with Longstreet
in his assault, the result can hardly be doubted; the greater part of the Federal
army must have been overwhelmed.
, though nearest Longstreet
, did nothing, and some of the Federal
troops in his front were actually sent against the latter.
This failure was one of the greatest blunders of the Confederate
was held back by a very serious obstacle, backed by a strong and well commanded force, sufficient, perhaps, to account in an ordinary case for his failure to unite in the attack, but it is hard to avoid the belief that had he exhibited on this occasion the wonderful skill and audacity that characterized his Valley campaign, he would have crossed White Oak Swamp
in spite of Franklin
Next day, July 1st, the Confederates
, once more reunited, followed the retreating army to Malvern Hill
, where McClellan
had selected an admirable position and massed on it all of his forces and his immense artillery.
again attacked, but after a sanguinary contest, in which the Federal
lines were severely tested, he was repulsed.
The attack on the part of the Confederates
was badly managed.
Some confusion about the roads in this intricate region caused Magruder
to be late in reaching the field.
Concert of action between the attacking columns was not secured; the assaults, especially on the right, where Magruder
commanded, were partial and disjointed, and the result was that McClellan
saved his army by inflicting a severe repulse upon his adversary.
As soon as the battle was ended, McClellan
abandoned the field and retreated to Harrison's Landing
), where he could be more completely protected by the fleet in the James river
The Confederates followed, but the check at Malvern
made their pursuit slow, and when the army again closed up with the Federals
the latter were found in possession of a strong position, commanded by the gunboats and defended by earthworks.
The contest now ceased, and General Lee
withdrew to the neighborhood of Richmond
's losses were great.
His loss in men was heavy, though not so large as that of the Confederates
His losses in material and supplies were far greater.
They were simply immense; but his loss in