13th, had 58,500 present (See ‘Battles and Leaders
III, p. 143); difference in favor of the Federals
lost, killed, 1,384; wounded, 9,600; captured, 1,769; total, 12,653.
lost, killed, 458; wounded, 4,743; total, 4,201.
has failed to capture Fredericksburg
, and his head goes into the War Department's official waste basket, and ‘Fighting’ Joe Hooker
takes command of the Federal
His forces from May 1-3, 1863, were 130,000, with 404 pieces of artillery, while Lee
's were 60,000, with 170 pieces of artillery.
(See ‘Battles and Leaders
III, p. 233.)
's abstract of returns for April 30th, when his advance on Lee
began, was as follows: Present for duty, 157,990; present equipped, 133,708; artillery, 404 pieces.
, commander of the second corps, and second in command to Hooker
, estimates Hooker
's seven corps at 113,000, ready for duty, not counting 1,000 cavalry and reserve artillery, and 400 cannon, and his estimate of General Lee
's army was 55,000 to 60,000, not including cavalry (‘Battles and Leaders
III,) and on page 161 of this volume he says Hooker
's artillery ‘was equal to any in the world.’
takes the greater part of his army, leaving Sedgwick
30,000 strong to threaten Fredericksburg
, and marches up the northern bank of the Rappahannock
and crosses his army to attack General Lee
in the rear.
His army has crossed successfully the Rappahannock
, and he issues the following congratulatory address, being general order No. 47
: ‘It is with heartfelt satisfaction that the commanding general announces to the army that the operations of the last three days have determined that our enemy must either ingloriously fly or come out from behind their defences and give us battle on our own ground, when certain destruction awaits him
(Italics ours.) On May 1st, after the successful crossing of his troops, Hooker
says, ‘I have Lee
just where I want him. He must fight me on my own ground.’
At 2 P. M. of the same day he said, ‘Lee
is in full retreat toward Gordonsville
I have sent out Sickles
to capture his artillery.’
This flank movement of Hooker
remove the larger part of his army to the rear of Fredericksburg
in order to confront the forces of Hooker
had come out from his defences.
then occupied a position between the two great wings of Hooker
's army, either of which was numerically able to crush him. It was a position