prisoners, to send our men home, and to get back their own, General Grant steadily and strenuously resisted such an exchange. * * * “It is hard on our men held in Southern prisons,” said Grant, in an official communication, “not to exchange them; but it is humane to those left in the ranks to fight our battles. If we commence a system of exchanges which liberates all prisoners taken, we will have to fight on until the whole South is exterminated. If we hold those caught they are no more than dead men.” * * * This evidence [says Dana] must be taken as conclusive. It proves that it was not the Confederate authorities who insisted on keeping our prisoners in distress, want and disease, but the commander of our own armies. * * * Moreover [says he] there is no evidence whatever, that it was practicable for the Confederate authorities to feed our prisoners any better than they were fed, or to give them any better care and attention than they received. The food was insufficient, the care and attention were insufficient, no doubt, and yet the condition of our prisoners was not worse than that of the Confederate soldiers in the field, except in so far as the condition of those in prison must of necessity be worse than that of men who are free and active outside.This is the statement, as we have said, of the Federal Assistant Secretary of War, during the war, and, of course, he knew whereof he wrote. He was the man by whose authority General Miles put the shackles upon Mr. Davis, when he was in prison at Fortress Monroe, and was therefore prejudiced in the highest degree against Mr. Davis and the Confederate authorities generally. And his statement must be taken as conclusive of this whole question. When we add to this the pregnant fact that the report of the Federal Secretary of War, Mr. Stanton, dated July 19, 1866, shows that of the Federal prisoners in Confederate prisons only 22,576 died; whilst of the Confederate prisoners in Federal prisons 26,436 died, and the report of the Federal Surgeon-General Barnes, published afrer the war, showing that the whole number of Federal prisoners captured and confined in Southern prisons during the war was, in round numbers, 270,000 while the whole number of Confederate prisoners captured and confined in Northern prisons, was, in like round numbers, 220,000. From these two reports it will be seen that whilst there were 50,000 more prisoners in Southern than in Northern prisons, during the war, the deaths were four thousand less. The per centum of deaths in Southern prisons being under
This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point, N. Y. , [from the Richmond, Va. , Dispatch, March 30 , April 6 , 27 , and May 12 , 1902 .]
Who served in the Confederate States Army, with the highest Commission and highest command attained.
Treatment and exchange of prisoners.
Official report of the history Committee of the Grand Camp , C. V., Department of Virginia .
Battle of Cedar Creek , Va. , Oct. 19th , 1864 .
Narrative of events and observations connected with the wounding of General T. J. ( Stonewall ) Jackson .
Lee , Davis and Lincoln .
Lee 's statue in Washington urged—magnanimity of Lincoln .
The last tragedy of the war. [from the New Orleans, La. , Picayune , January 18 , 1903 .]
Elliott Grays of Manchester, Va. [from the Richmond, Va. , times, November 28 , 1902 .]
Johnson's Island .
Refused to burn it. [from the Richmond, Va. , Dispatch, April 27 , 1902 .]
The campaign and battle of Lynchburg .
An address delivered before the Garland-Rodes Camp of Confederate veterans at Lynchburg, Va. , July 18 , 1901 .
Beauregard Rifles (afterward Beauregard Artilley, or Moorman 's Battery ), mustered into service at Lynchburg, Va. , May 11 , 1861 .
Roll and roster of Pelham 's,
Why we failed to win.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.