previous next

The economic effects of war on Athenian women

The pressure of war on Athenian society became especially evident in the severe damage done to the prosperity and indeed the very nature of the lives of many previously moderately well-off women1 whose husbands and brothers died during the conflict. Such women had traditionally done weaving at home for their own families and supervised the work of household slaves2, but the men had earned the family's income by farming or practicing a trade3. With no one to provide for them and their children now, these women were forced to work outside the home to support their families. The only jobs open to them were low-paying occupations traditional for women such as baby nurse or weaver, or in some cases laboring jobs, such as being a vineyard worker4, for which there were not enough men to meet the need. These circumstances brought more women into public view, but they did not lead to a woman's movement in the modern sense, or to any inclusion of women in Athenian political life.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: