previous next

End of the Persian Wars

The Greek victory at Salamis in 480 B.C. sent Xerxes back to Persia1, but he left behind an enormous infantry force under his best general2 and an offer for the Athenians3 (if only they would capitulate): they would remain unharmed and become the king's overlords over the other Greeks. The assembly refused4, the Athenian population evacuated5 its homes and city once again, and Xerxes' general wrecked Athens6 for the second time in as many years. In 479 B.C., the Greek infantry headed by the Spartans under the command of a royal son7 named Pausanias (c. 520-470 B.C.) outfought the Persian infantry at the battle of Plataea8 in Boeotia, just north of Attica, while a Greek fleet caught the Persian navy napping at Mykale9 on the coast of Ionia. The coalition of Greek city-states had thus done the incredible: they had protected their homeland and their independence from the strongest power in the world.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: