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κατεναυμαχήθησαν, ‘were defeated at sea.’ With this force of κατά in composition compare that of de in the Latin debellare. The reference is to the victory won by the Athenian and Persian fleets at Cnidus in August 394 B.C. under the leadership of Conon and Pharnabazus, whereby they destroyed the maritime power of Sparta. ἡ δὲ πόλις ἡμῶν κτἑ On the return of Conon to Athens the Long Walls were rebuilt and the Peiraeus refortified. In 395 B.C. Athens had taken the decisive step of forming an alliance with Thebes; after Cnidus some of her former allies, who had belonged to the Delian confederacy, again joined her, and Delos itself was recovered. It seemed for the moment to the Athenians that their former maritime supremacy was to be renewed. τοῦτο παρασχόντος: see critical note. The phrase must mean lit. ‘Evagoras having provided this’, so, ‘it was Evagoras who rendered it possible’ (F.). αὑτὸν παρασχόντος would mean ‘having lent his personal service’, but αὑτὸν παρέχειν is generally used with an adjective in agreement; cp. ad N. 20 ἂν ὡς βέλτιστον καὶ δικαιότατον σαυτὸν παρέχῃς, ‘if you show yourself as good and just as possible.’
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