Sketch of Longstreet's division.
Winter of 1861-62.
Until late in the fall of 1861, no Major-Generals
had been appointed in the Confederate
service; the only general officers
and Generalsand consequently no divisions could be organized of the brigades which composed the army, although the necessity for them had been grievously felt, expecially in the battle of Bull Run
About the 1st of November, the rank having been created by Congress, a number of appointments were made, of which General Longstreet
was the fifth in rank, the first four being Polk
, G. W. Smith
On receipt of his promotion, General Longstreet
was relieved of command of the “Advanced forces” by General J. E. B. Stuart
, and was assigned a division composed of his own old brigade, now commanded by the senior Colonel
, J. L. Kemper
; the Virginia
brigade commanded by General P. St. George Cocke
, and the South Carolina brigade of General D. R. Jones
's brigade was composed of the Eighth Virginia infantry, Colonel Eppa Hunton
; Eighteenth Virginia infantry, Colonel R. E. Withers
; Nineteenth Virginia infantry, Colonel J. B. Strange
; Twenty-Eighth Virginia infantry, Colonel Robert Preston
Latham's Virginia Battery
.--General D. R. Jones
's brigade was composed of the Fourth South Carolina Infantry, Colonel
J. B Sloan
; Fifth South Carolina Infantry, Colonel M. Jenkins
; Sixth South Carolina Infantry, Colonel C. S. Winder
; Ninth South Carolina Infantry, Colonel Blanding
's Virginia Battery.
The Eighth Virginia, Colonel Hunton
, was at this time on detached service at Leesburg
with General Evans
's brigade, where it bore a conspicuous part in the the affair at Ball's Bluff, on the 21st of October.
The remaining brigades of the army were about the same time thrown into three other divisions of three brigades each and commanded by Major-Generals G. W. Smith
, E. Kirby Smith
, and Earl Van Doon
Thus constituted, and with a small cavalry force under General Stuart
holding the outposts beyond Halifax C. H. and a General Reserve Artillery of ten batteries under Colonel W. N. Pendleton
, the army went into quarters.
As the great majority of the army were volunteers enlisted for only