the first of which he was victorious.
were reinforced to the extent of fourteen hundred men, and intercepted Ward
as he retired to the church at Refugio.
Breastworks were made by the battalion, of pews, gravestones, fences, etc., and the fire of the enemy resisted for two days.
The ammunition of the battalion was exhausted on the third day of the battle, when Ward
was compelled to capitulate, signing the regular articles according to the rules of war. It was stipulated that the prisoners would be returned to the United States
in eight days.
were again reinforced, and advanced upon Goliad
, taking their prisoners with them.
had become near about exhausted in provisions and ammunition.
His command was reduced to two hundred and twenty-six men, and no tidings received from Colonel Ward
He, therefore, concluded to destroy the fort and cut his way through to General Houston
's army, one hundred and thirty miles distant on the Colorado river
On the 18th of March, 1836, he evacuted the fort and commenced a retreat.
In the afternoon of the same day he was met by the Mexican
cavalry, and a large force of infantry.
Forming his little band into a hollow square he resisted all the charges of the enemy until night.
The loss of the Mexicans was six hundred, and that of the Texans
On the following morning General Urrea
received a reinforcement of five hundred fresh troops with a supply of artillery.
A surrender became unavoidable, a white flag was hoisted by the Texans
, and terms of capitulation were agreed upon by both Mexican
and Texan commanders.
The terms provided that Fannin
and his men should be marched to Fort Goliad and treated as prisoners of war; that the volunteers from the United States
should be sent to New Orleans at the expense of the Mexican
government; and that private property, and side arms of officers, should be respected and restored.
Notwithstanding the terms of capitulation, the Texan
army was deprived of every article of defense, even to their pocket-knives
, and served with an allowance of food hardly sufficient to support life.
At this time Ward
's battalion was joined to the other prisoners, amounting in all to four hundred men. After being detained a week, orders were received from Santa Anna
for the execution of all of the prisoners.
On the morning of the 27th of March this horrible outrage was consummated.
The prisoners, under a strong Mexican
guard, were marched out in four divisions.
The guard was stationed upon each side of the road, and as the prisoners proceeded in file, a fire of musketry was opened upon them, and those who escaped the bullets were cut down