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[117] and herds which they reared under the friars have disappeared.

In northern California, beyond the mission limits, there are two more agencies; one agency in Hoopa Valley, a second in Round Valley; but from Trinidad to Carmelo, on a line three hundred miles in length, till lately peopled by a gentle though a savage race, the native tribes and families are abandoned to disease and death. Even in the two agencies, little has been done. Five years ago a trapper and a trooper were employed to rule and guard these savages. The trapper failed to mend their morals, the soldier to restrain their vagabond ways. Neither trapper nor trooper could prevent them from perishing in a country full of wild game, and in a climate favourable to length of days.

If the Franciscans failed, they only failed where everybody fails. At Eureka, in the Humboldt Valley, American soldiers are stationed, as Spanish soldiers used to be stationed at San Carlos and Santa Clara. What is the result? American officers and soldiers take to Red women, much as Spanish officers and soldiers took to Red women. Knight, a Californian

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