round the camps, these Spanish soldiers struck their roots into the soil; so deep, that when their time of service came to an end, they were unable to remove.
Their families could not be carried into Spain
, or even into Mexico
A viceroy had a puzzling question to resolve.
The policy of his Church had been to exclude White
settlers from the soil: a policy of prudence if the natives were to be converted and preserved.
Except the friars, no man had a right to hold land in California
Except the soldiers, sent to guard these friars and execute their orders, no man had a right of domicile in California
Civil laws and civil magistrates were unknown.
was treated as a Holy State, a paradise of monks, a patrimony of the Church
This clerical policy had always been supported by the king and council in Madrid
A pope had given California
, and Spain
was eager to restore it to the church.
Yet how were veterans, grown grey in service on a distant shore, to leave their children, dear though dusky, to the chances of a savage life?
Fear, as well as pity, held the clerical policy in check.
If left behind, they must remain a progeny of shame, an evidence of moral failure, in the neighbourhood of every