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[287] of the new Confederacy; and pointing to a group of Negro slaves, he asked them whether they would not cast in their lot with the planters of Georgia and Louisiana, rather than with the traders of Boston and New York. “ You may have had some cause in former times to rail against the planters,” he remarked, “but in this new war your interests and your destinies are inseparably connected with those of the South. The war is one of Northern cupidity and fanaticism against African slavery, commercial freedom, and political liberty.”

To gain his ends, Pike had recourse to other means. Cavour had the merit of seeing that his countrymen wanted two good things — a common banner and a cheap cigar. His offer of Italian Unity might have failed without the “ Cavour” cigar at five cents. So with Albert Pike. When argument failed him with the Redskins, Pike threw his whisky-flask into the scale.

No want is so imperious to the Indian as a free market for intoxicating drink. A right to buy and sell slaves affected a few chiefs only, while a right to buy and sell ardent spirits is the desire of every man and woman in the Indian camps.

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