they are true.
The law has given our negroes votes, and under a republic votes are all in all. Why strain against the rock?
In 1868 we tried.
What came of all our efforts to be free?
Beaten at every point; routed in shame from every field!
Not one Conservative Member was returned for Charleston
A third of the Assembly was white trash-strangers, bankrupts, scalawags; not a man in whom our citizens had confidence got a seat.
Two-thirds were Negroes and Mulattoes, hardly any of whom could read and write.
Acting with Chamberlain
, these rascals robbed and scourged us; but we bore our injuries — under the muzzles of their shotted guns-until the time for a new election came.
Taught by events, we tried another course; not readily and with unity, for it is hard to bind the old Adam
in our spirits; yet with a promise that invites us to go on. Though we are far from having got a Conservative Government yet in Columbia
, we have secured a White majority in the Senate, and a powerful White minority in the Lower House
In Charleston county
, though the Negroes count two to one, we have conquered by our new tactics half the seats.”
“ How is the conquest made?”