Chapter 3: Maryland's overthrow.
While the city of Baltimore
was in a frenzy of excitement, on Sunday, the 21st of May, at the approach of the Pennsylvanians from Cockeyville, Brig.-Gen. Benjamin F. Butler
, with a Massachusetts regiment, landed at Annapolis
, whither he had proceeded by a steamer from Perryville
on the Susquehanna
The next day, the 2 2nd, he was reinforced by the New York Eighth and pushed up the Annapolis
& Elkridge railroad to its junction with the Washington branch
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.
On May 5th he took possession of the Relay House
, nine miles from Baltimore
, where the main branch of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad leading to Harper's Ferry
and the West
unites with the Washington branch
, which leads to Washington
, thirty miles distant. His troops were the Eighth New York, the Sixth Massachusetts and Major Cook
's battery of Boston light artillery.
He promptly fortified the position with earthworks and artillery.
All trains going west and south were searched, and scouts scoured the surrounding country.
On the 8th of May communication between Washington
and the North
was further strengthened by a new route by water from Perryville
to Locust Point
, and thence by rail to Washington
On the night of May 13th General Butler
, with the major part of his command, entered Baltimore
, seized Federal Hill
, which commands the city, fortified it with fifty heavy guns, and Baltimore
was in his control.
He acted with intelligence and promptness, and to him the Union
side was greatly indebted for restoring communications between the capital city and the United States
The United States
having control of the bay and the