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[104] head on Grafton Tyler's lap, insisting that he wouldn't die when everybody said he must die. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel for this. Col. A. R. Courtney, chief of artillery of the Third division, in his report said, ‘The officers and men of Captain Dement's First Maryland battery, the only one which had been in action before, showed more coolness and deliberation.’ Colonel Crutchfield, chief of artillery of the Second corps, in his report said: ‘These two batteries were capitally handled and evidently damaged the enemy severely.’ He also ‘calls special attention to the gallantry displayed by Maj. R. S. Andrews in this action.’ General Jackson said, ‘Special credit is due Major Andrews for the success and gallantry with which his guns were directed, until he was severely wounded and taken from the field.’

After the battle of Slaughter's Mountain the First Maryland was foremost in every skirmish and affair in which the army of Northern Virginia was engaged in its transfer from the front of McClellan on the James to the rear of Pope at Manassas. On the 22d of August Early's brigade of Ewell's division crossed the Rappahannock at the White Sulphur Springs by the ford, the bridge having been broken. Early had with him the Thirteenth Georgia and the two Maryland batteries. Pope believed that this was Lee's advance over the river and forthwith concentrated a large force (Early says, ‘his whole force’) to attack it. During the night a tremendous rain fell and the river rose six feet and the bridge was impassable This little force, therefore, was cut off on the northern side of the river. During the entire day Early made a great show by marching and countermarching his regiments, and that stood off the Federals until dark. Then they made a move in heavy force to crush the small body in front of them and they charged with cheers, but Dement opened on them with canister at very short range, repulsed them and saved the command. When Jackson moved around Pope's flank and

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