in about the middle of September under Colonel Summers
and Lieutenant-Colonel Duryea
The Third Maryland was recruited by foreigners in Baltimore City
and western Maryland
and was commanded by Colonel DeWitt
The Fourth regiment, commanded by Colonel Sudburgh
, was composed of Germans.
The First and Second Maryland artillery companies were commanded by Captains Hampton
, and the First Maryland cavalry by Lieutenant-Colonel Miller
These first forces raised for the Union
were, with the exception of the First regiment, mainly composed of foreigners, aliens by birth and aliens to the institutions, ideals and motives that for nine generations had formed the character of Marylanders.
They were good men, but they were not Marylanders.
They were devoted to the Union
, but they had no conception of the force and duty of ‘courage and chivalry.’
The First Maryland under Kenly
was the only Maryland
regiment on the Union
The Confederate Marylanders, on the other hand, embodied the faith and pride of the State
Not a historic family of Maryland
but was represented in the Maryland
Five grandsons of John Eager Howard
, of the Cowpens, carried sword or musket in the First Maryland regiment.
A grandson of Charles Carroll
rode as a private in Company K, First Virginia cavalry. Colonel Johnson
, of the Maryland
Line, rode at the head of seventy-two kinsmen, descendants of soldiers of the Revolution, his own flesh and blood!
In the summer of 1862 the First and Second Eastern Shore regiments were raised under Colonels Wallace
; the First and Second regiments Potomac home brigade under Colonels Maulsby
; and the Purnell Legion
of one regiment infantry, Col. William Louis Schley
, one company of artillery and two troops of cavalry; the First Maryland artillery, Captain Alexander
, and the Fourth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth regiments of