with all his power the doctrine of “Popular Sovereignty,” a proposition, as quaintly put by Lincoln
, which meant that, “if one man chooses to enslave another, no third man has a right to object.”
At the last joint discussion in Alton
, after reflecting on the patriotism of any man who was so indifferent to the wrong of slavery that he cared not whether it was voted up or down, closed his speech with this stirring summary: “That [slavery] is the real issue.
That is the issue that will continue in this country when these poor tongues of Judge Douglas
and myself shall be silent.
It is the eternal struggle between these two principles -right and wrong — throughout the world.
They are the two principles that have stood face to face from the beginning of time, and will ever continue to struggle.
The one is the common right of humanity, and the other the divine right of kings.
It is the same principle, in whatever shape it develops itself.
It is the same spirit that says: ‘You work and toil and earn bread, and I eat it.’
No matter in what shape it comes, whether from the mouth of a king who seeks to bestride the people of his own nation and live by the fruit of their labor, or from one race of men as an apology for enslaving another race, it is the same tyrannical principle.”
It is unnecessary, I presume, to insert here the seven questions which Douglas
propounded to Lincoln
at their first meeting at Ottawa
, nor the historic four which Lincoln
asked at Freeport
It only remains to say that in answering Lincoln