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Now that the State capital was to be located at Springfield, that place began, by way of asserting its social superiority, to put on a good many airs. Wealth made its gaudy display, and thus sought to attain a pre-eminence from which learning and refinement are frequently cut off. Already, people had settled there who could trace their descent down a long line of distinguished ancestry. The established families were mainly from Kentucky. They re-echoed the sentiments and reflected the arrogance and elegance of a slave-holding aristocracy. “The Todds, Stuarts, and Edwardses were there, with priests, dogs, and servants;” there also were the Mathers, Lambs, Opdykes, Forquers, and Fords. Amid all “the flourishing about in carriages” and the pretentious elegance of that early day was Lincoln. Of origin, doubtful if not unknown; “poor, without the means of hiding his poverty,” he represented yet another importation from Kentucky which is significantly comprehended by the terms, “the poor whites.” Springfield, containing between one and two thousand people, was near the northern line of settlement in Illinois. Still it was the center of a limited area of wealth and refinement. Its citizens were imbued with the spirit of push and enterprise. Lincoln therefore could not have been thrown into a better or more appreciative community.

In March, 1837, he was licensed to practice law. His name appears for the first time as attorney for the plaintiff in the case of Hawthorne vs. Woolridge. He entered the office and became the

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