's position was untenable; Richmond
were abandoned that night.
Retreat was still open toward the westward.
withdrew along the line of the Richmond and Danville railroad, hoping to join Johnston
, who was opposing Sherman
's advance from the south.
As a last resort, Lee
planned to retreat to the mountains of Virginia
, where he thought he might continue the war indefinitely.
The Union Army followed close on the heels of the retreating southerners.
The chase was continued for eighty miles. In the neighborhood of Appomattox Court House, the cavalry under Sheridan
got across the railroad in front of the enemy.
was unable to break through.
Hemmed in, with his men worn out and starved, Lee
surrendered the remnant of his army, less than 27,000 men,1
on April 9.
This virtually ended the war.]