existing relations between the Government
of the United States
, the people and governments of the different States, and the government and people of the State of Missouri
, and to adopt such measures for vindicating the sovereignty of the State
and the protection of its institutions as shall appear to them to be demanded.
The measures to be adopted are to be such as the Convention
shall judge to be demanded in order to vindicate the sovereignty of the State
and protect its institutions; those measures are left to the judgment of the Convention
, and may reach any officer or any class of persons.
Let us take the case, then, of an armed invasion of the State
by troops from Arkansas
, neither invited nor headed by the Governor
The vindication of the sovereignty of the State
may demand that such invasion be repelled by force, and every person can see that, while the forces of Missouri
may be employed in repelling the invasion, it is perfectly obvious that the vindication of our sovereignty requires that the Governor
, who is, by the Constitution
of the Army of the State
, must be removed from that office when he is actually engaged in leading or inciting the invasion.
To consider the relations existing between the people and Government of Arkansas
and the people and Government of Missouri
, and to adopt measures to vindicate our sovereignty, imperatively demands in the case supposed, and which actually exists, that the commander in the State of Missouri
be removed from his office.
This case is stated merely as an illustration of the principles upon which the Convention
has felt itself bound to act. Other cases equally strong and equally demanding like interposition of the Convention
, might be stated as actually existing, but that now stated is sufficient to put you in possession of the principles upon which the action of the Convention
It is clearly an action demanded by the duty of vindicating the sovereignty of the State
, and it applies to the other persons removed from office by the Convention
upon the ground that they are all involved in the same scheme for assailing the sovereignty of the State
In relation to the members of the General Assembly, the Convention
are aware that all the members did not participate in the action which is regarded as an attempt to destroy the institutions of the State
by destroying her connection with the Union
, and thus overturning the institutions which she has as one of the United States
But no distinction could be made among the members on account of their individual opinions.
The body was necessarily located collectively.
And now, having stated the necessity for the action of the Convention
, and the principles which have governed the action, your delegates submit the whole for your consideration and calm judgment.
They have felt their own position and that of the State
to be peculiar.
They have looked over Missouri
and beheld the dangers that threaten her. They desire to avert them.
They desire to restore peace to all her citizens.
They have adopted the measures which, in their judgment, gave the highest promise of peace and security to all her citizens.
If the measures adopted should have the desired effect, your delegates will feel that gratification which always attends the success of well-intended effort.
If the measures should fail to restore peace, your delegates will find consolation in the fact that they have done what they could.
The report of the Committee
was agreed to.