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The Cotton crop.

--The increase in the culture of cotton in the United States has been extraordinary. The crop and distribution in the years named were as follows:

Crop in United States900,000
General supply in Europe and U. States.1,272,000
Total consumption in Europe1,177,000
Total consumption in the world1,309,000
Crop in United States4,675,000
General supply in Europe and U. States5,480,000
Total consumption in Europe4,321,000
Total consumption in the world5,144,000
Increase in Twenty-Eight Years:
Crop in United States3,775,000
General supply in Europe and U. States4,108,000
Total consumption in Europe3,144,000
Total consumption in the world3,835,000

Included in the supplies of cotton from the United States in 1860, were 52,413 bales of Sea Island, worth thirty-three cents per pound, giving a fair average value of $118 per bale of 350 pounds each — making a total value of $6,184,754. The crop in 1854 was 39,686, showing an increase of 12,727 bales in six years, of the value of $1,501,786. The United States has no competition in the production of Sea Island cotton, all of which is sent to England and the Continent, where it is transformed into fine muslins, laces, &c.; one pound of this staple, after being spun into No. 400 and upwards, and converted into fine lace ready for market, in some cases is worth $100.

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