The Confederates afterward said of this incident that the gun continued to fire until they were so close as to have their faces burnt by the discharges.
Higher praise than this surely could not have been given the troops of either side.
Then followed the Second Battle of Manassas
, a defeat for the Union
army, but a hard-fought battle.
The artillery continued to fire long after the musketry engagement had ceased, and after darkness had set in. The Federal army retired.
claims not to have lost a gun, but Lee
's report states that thirty pieces of artillery were captured during the series of battles.
With the battle at Chantilly
the campaign closed, and the Federal
armies were again concentrated around Washington
Early in September, Pope
was relieved, and the Army of Virginia passed out of existence.
crossed into Maryland
moved up the Potomac
with the reorganized Army of the Potomac, and the encounter came at Antietam
, but in the mean time Harper's Ferry
had again been taken by the Confederates
, and seventy-three pieces of artillery and thousands of small arms were added to their store.
On the high ground in the center of his position at Antietam
placed several batteries of long-range guns.
From this position almost the whole of the field of battle could be seen, and, further to the left, where the batteries of the Fifth Corps were placed, a still more complete view could be obtained.
The conformation of the ground was such that nearly the entire Confederate line was reached by fire from these central Federal batteries.
The Union advance was assisted materially by their fire, but several of them were effectively shelled by the Confederates
, who, however, on their counter-attacks, in turn suffered severely from the fire of the Federal
At 10 A. M., September 17th, two of Sumner
's batteries were being closely assailed by Confederate sharpshooters, and Hancock
formed a line of guns and infantry to relieve them.
's battery of 3-inch guns, Frank's 12-pounders, and