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[89] and ἐνέργεια, or vigour, a near relative of all these qualities, which derives its name from action and finds its peculiar function in securing that nothing that we say is tame. Bitterness, which is generally employed in abuse, may be of service as in the following passage. from Cassius: “What will you do when I invade your special province, that is, when I show that, as far as abuse is concerned, you are a mere ignoramus?”1 Pungency also may be employed, as in the following remark of Crassus: “Shall I regard you as a consul, when you refuse to regard me as a senator?” But the real power of oratory lies in enhancing or attenuating the force [p. 263] of words. Each of these departments has the same number of methods; I shall touch on the more important; those omitted will be of a like character, while all are concerned either with words or things. I have, however,

1 Cassius Severus was famous for his powers of abuse. His opponent was abusive. Cassius says that he will take a leaf out of his book and show him what real abuse is.

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load focus Introduction (Harold Edgeworth Butler, 1922)
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