enemy before them; the Seventy-third New-York, Major Moriarty, advanced also. On the right, the other regiments of this brigade drove the enemy in the same manner. In every instance in which our troops used the bayonet, our loss was comparatively light, and the enemy was driven back, suffering heavily. Our advance pushed forward as far as the battle-field of the previous day, where they found many of our wounded and those of the enemy. Ambulances were sent forward, and all that could be reached were brought in. I call attention to the paragraph in General Sickles's report respecting the condition in which he found the field after the enemy retreated — strewed with small arms, rebel caissons filled with ammunition, baggage, wagons, subsistence stores, and forage. In one out-building at Fair Oaks, half-a-dozen sacks of salt were left. These things indicate their hasty retreat. On the next morning, I sent forward General Hooker, with the portion of his division engaged the day before, to make a reconnoissance, which he did most gallantly far beyond the position we had lost on Saturday. As he advanced, the enemy's pickets fell back. Our pickets got to within five miles of Richmond. In the afternoon our troops fell back, by orders of the Commanding General, and occupied the position we held before the battle. Our loss on the first day was seven pieces of artillery from Gen. Casey's division, and one (the carriage being injured) from General Couch's. One of these was recaptured the next day. As the enemy selected his time and point of attack, and failed in his attempt to drive us into the Chickahominy, and as he, in his turn, was driven back with immense loss, abandoning many of his wounded and leaving his dead unburied, we may well claim a victory, and such it certainly was. I inclose a list of the casualties in the Third and Fourth Corps in the battles of the thirty-first ult. and first inst. Respectfully submitted,
S. P. Heintzelman, Brigadier-General Commanding.
List of casualties in Third and Fourth corps at the battle of seven Pines and Fair Oaks.
|Brig.-Gen. Kearny's Division,||9||55||64|
|Brig.-Gen. Hooker's Division,||7||7|
|Brig.-Gen. Couch's Division,||9||41||5||55|
|Brig.-Gen. Casey's Division,||12||54||110||76|
|Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry,|
|Brig.-Gen. Kearny's Division,||233||801||2148||1,182|
|Brig.-Gen. Hooker's Division,||16||117||9||142|
|Brig.-Gen. Couch's Division,||200||774||134||1,108|
|Brig.-Gen. Casey's Division,||164||884||3318||1,366|
|Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry,||2||2|
|Third Army Corps,||9||62||71|
|Fourth Army Corps,||21||95||15||131|
|Third Army Corps,||249||918||157||1,324|
|Fourth Army Corps,||364||1,660||452||2,476|
General Pope's report.
headquarters army of Virginia, Cedar Mountain, August 13-5 P. M.on Thursday morning the enemy crossed the Rapidan at Barnet's Ford in heavy force, and advanced strong on the road to Culpeper and Madison Court-House. I had established my whole force on the turnpike between Culpeper and Sperryville, ready to concentrate at either place as soon as the enemy's plans were developed. Early on Friday it became apparent that the move on Madison Court-House was merely a feint, to deceive the army corps of Gen. Sigel, at Sperryville, and that the main attack of the enemy would be at Culpeper, to which place I had thrown forward part of Banks's and McDowell's corps. Brig.-Gen. Bayard, with part of the rear of McDowell's corps, who was in the advance near the Rapidan, fell slowly back, delaying and embarrassing the enemy's advance as far as possible, and capturing some of his men. The forces of Banks and Sigel, and one of the divisions of McDowell's corps, were rapidly concentrating at Culpeper during Friday and Saturday night, Banks's corps being pushed forward five miles south of Culpeper, with Ricketts's division of McDowell's corps three miles in his rear. The corps of Gen. Sigel, which had marched all night, was halted in Culpeper to rest a few hours. On Saturday the enemy advanced rapidly to Cedar Mountain, the sides of which they occupied in heavy force. General Banks was instructed to take up his position on the ground occupied by Crawford's brigade of his command, which had been thrown out the day previous to observe the enemy's movements. He was directed not to advance beyond that point, and if attacked by the enemy, to defend his position and send back timely notice. It was my desire to have time to give the corps of Gen. Sigel all the rest possible after their forced march, and to bring forward all the forces at my disposal.
To Major-General Halleck, Commander-in-Chief:
To Major-General Halleck, Commander-in-Chief: