These modes then are four in number, and the
sectional modes also make as many others; for here again the judges for all
cases may be drawn by vote from a certain class, or for all cases by lot from a
certain class, or some courts may be appointed by lot and others by vote, or
some courts may be composed of judges chosen by lot and by vote for the same
cases. These then are the modes, as was said, corresponding to those mentioned.
And there are also the same
courts in combination—I mean for example some drawn from the whole
body and some from a class and some from both, as for instance if the same court
contained some members from the whole body and others from a class, and
appointed either by lot or by vote or both. We have then stated all the modes in
which it is possible for the courts to be composed; and of these the first set,
drawn from all the citizens and dealing with all cases, are popular, the second,
drawn from a certain class to deal with all cases, are oligarchic, and the
third, drawn partly from all and partly from a certain class, are suited to an
aristocracy and to a constitutional government.