Cincinnati Commercial account.
Under an order from Gen. Mitchel
, Gen. Negley
, in charge of a heavy force, left Fayetteville
on Monday, June second, to pay a friendly visit
to the large bodies of guerrillas infesting the counties of Franklin
, in East-Tennes-see, with additional instructions to call on Chattanooga
, if possible, and Mitchel
seldom deems anything impossible in his department.
These guerrillas have been making sad havoc among the people of that section, destroying the property of Union men, and all those who will not yield to the edicts of the barbarous conscription act. Hundreds of men have taken refuge in the mountains to escape imprisonment into the rebel service — not only white, but black men
--leaving their new crops unattended, their families subjected to every species of insult, their last ear of corn and peck of meal taken, horses and cattle carried off, and they left in comparative destitution.
has been aware of these facts for some time, and has only waited a fitting opportunity to surprise them.
To accomplish this, it needed the right kind of a leader; that leader was Gen. Negley
is bold, brave, and ardent in his attachment to the cause that has called him out from his Pennsylvania
His worth is known and highly appreciated by our Commanding General
He is a Pennsylvanian, and reflects great honor on the old Keystone State
He found no rebel forces between Fayetteville
On reaching Winchester
, he learned that the rebel General Adams
was in command of a heavy force of rebels at Jasper
, some thirty miles distant. He at once determined to surprise them.
In order to do this, he was compelled to make a forced march, some twenty miles, over a rough, mountainous country.
His was accomplished.
He soon discovered their pickets, and by a well-laid plan, succeeded in capturing them.
He immediately moved on, and within a few miles of Jasper
, came upon a large force of the enemy.
They, the rebels, immediately formed into line of battle, and opened with a heavy volley.
, who was leading our advance, replied from three pieces of artillery, which had been very rapidly placed in position.
Only one round was needed to rout them.
They became panicstricken, and commenced one of the most disgraceful retreats ever known.
They took up a narrow lane, toward Jasper
, closely pursued by Haggard
, the former of the Fifth Kentucky cavalry, and the latter of the Seventh Pennsylvania cavalry.
They gained upon them, and coming into a narrow defile, they closed with them.
Then commenced one of the fiercest skirmishes of the war. Our charge of cavalry was led on by Negley
's escort, commanded by Lieuts. Wharton
The contest was severe.
Hand to hand was the terrible sabre-duel, ending in the death of twenty rebel cavalry, many badly wounded, and some twenty prisoners, among them Major Adams
, brother of the General
and also two other commissioned officers.
The road for miles was strewed with guns, sabres, carbines, knapsacks, etc. Some fifty or sixty horses were also taken, together with a large train of commissary stores, ammunition and camp equipage.
The flying rebels passed on through Jasper
, notwithstanding the great efforts used by their officers in trying to stop them.
They cursed Adams
and their ill-luck, and only stopped in their frightened career when they reached Chattanooga
, having placed the waters of the Tennessee
between them and their pursuers.
Night closed in over the scene, and our brave but wearied lads rested on the north bank of the famous Tennessee
Our casualties were two killed, of Negley
's escort, and seven badly wounded.
Though small the enemy's loss, and this only a skirmish, yet nothing has taken place here, since the capture of Huntsville
, so important in its future results, as this gallant charge of the daring Kentuckians
and brave Pennsylvanians, led on by such as Haggard
, who led the advance from Winchester
, and received the enemy's first fire, displayed great courage and coolness.
Who will dare say that this foul rebellion will not be forever crushed, and our Union sustained, and come out of this fearful contest like gold tried in the fire, when such scenes as the above
Away out here, amid the mountain passes of the Cumberland
shake hands, and with the love of the Union strengthening their every sinew, they rush on side by side, with drawn sabre, to bathe them alike in the blood of treason and cowardice.
The effect of this skirmish was soon seen.
As the retreating foe disappeared, the persecuted Union men of Marion
began to appear.
's despatch to Major-Gen. Mitchel
says that hundreds of Union men have flocked into Jasper
, and, with tears in their eyes, hail Mitchel
as their deliverers.
To-day four men came in from Chattanooga
, and report that Adams
's men came into that place in the utmost confusion, many of them only stopping for a time, then continuing their retreat — to the “last ditch,” I presume.
The distance over which they retreated was forty-three miles.